Navadvipa-Dhama-Mahatmya

 
(I) Sruti & Smrti sastras repeatedly describe
Sri Navadvipa-dhama


Atharva-veda


In the Atharva Veda (Third Kanda, Brahma-vibhaga), the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself says:


ito 'ham krta-sannyaso 'vatarisyami sa-guno nirvedo niskamo bhu-girbanas tira-stho 'lakanandayah* kalau catuh-sahasrabdhopari panca-sahasrabhyantare gaura-varno dirghangah sarva-laksana-yukta isvara-prarthito nija-rasasvado bhakta-rupo misrakhyo vidita-yogah syam


"Towards the end of the period between 4000 to 5000 years in Kali-yuga, I will descend on the earth as a golden-complexioned saintly brahmana in a place by the Ganges' shore (*Navadvipa) and later become the crest-jewel of all sannyasis, exhibiting all My transcendental qualities, including supreme renunciation and complete detachment from material desires. I will display all the thirty-two bodily symptoms of a great personality, with My arms extending to my knees. I will become My own devotee, very advanced in bhakti-yoga, and will teach the worship of Lord Krsna (Myself) by the chanting of My own holy names, relishing the mellows of My own devotional service. At that time, only My most confidential devotees will be able to understand Me."



Sama-veda


tathaham krta-sannyaso bhu-girbano 'vatarirye tire 'lakanandayah* punah punar isvara-prarthitah sa-parivaro niralambo nirdhuteh kali-kalmasa-kavalita-janavalambanaya


In the Sama Veda, the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself says: "To rescue the helpless people who are being devoured by the sins of Kali-yuga, I will descend to the earth in a saintly brahmana family residing on the shores of the Ganges (*Navadvipa), accompanied by My eternal associates. I will then become an avadhuta sannyasi and will teach everyone the process of worshiping Me by the incessant chanting of My own holy names."


Chandogya Upanisad


In Chandogya Upanisad (8.1.1), Navadvipa is described as the city of Brahmapura:


harih om, atha yad idam asmin brahmapure daharam pundarikam vesma daharo 'smin antarakasas tasmin yad-antas tad anvestavyam tad vava vijijnasitavyam iti.


"Hari! Om! In the very heart of this spiritual city (Brahmapura) is a lotus abode (vesma). The internal part of that abode should be sought. This is the part everyone should desire to understand."


[The verse is further explained by Thakura Bhaktivinoda in the Navadvipa-dhama-mahatmya, Pramana-khanda as follows:


atra brahma-puram nama, pundarikam yad ucyate;
tad evasta-dalam padma-sannibham puram adbhutam.


"In Chandogya Upanisad that place is described as a transcendental spiritual city (Brahmapura) surrounded by a wonderful eight-petal lotus flower, each petal of which represents an island.


tan-madhye daharam saksat mayapuram itiryate.
tatra vesma bhagavatas caitanyasya paratmanah.
tasmin yas tv antarakaso hy antar-dvipah sa ucyate.


"In the center of that eight-petalled-lotus city is the ninth island, the whorl of the lotus, called Antardvipa. And in the heart of Antardvipa is Sridhama Mayapur (Yogapitha), which is directly the abode of Lord Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the Supreme Personality of Godhead.]


Purusa Bodhiny Upanisad


saptame gaura-varna-visnor ity anena sva-saktya caikyam
etya prante pratar avatirya saha dvaih svam anusiksayati.


In the Purusa-bodhini Upanisad-Atharva-veda, 6th Prapathaka it is said: "In the seventh manvantara (Vaivasvata Manu), the Supreme Personality of Godhead Sri Gaura-Visnu will accept a golden complexion due to attaining oneness with His pleasure potency Srimati Radhika and descend on this earth with all His multifarious potencies in the beginning of the Kali-yuga of the twenty-eighth catur-yuga, accompanied by His own eternal associates to teach the chanting of His own holy names in the form of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra."


Gopala Tapany Upanisad


hiranmayam saumya-tanum sva bhaktayabhaya-pradam;
dhyayen manasi mam nityam venu-srnga dharam tu va.


In the Gopala-tapani Upanisad, Uttara-vibhaga 63, it is said:
"Let my mind constantly meditate on the most gentle, grave and pure Supreme Personality of Godhead (Lord Caitanya) who has a complexion of molten gold, who carries a bamboo rod (sannyasa rod) and who bestows fearlessness upon His devotees."
Krsna Upanisad


sa eva bhagavan yuge turiye 'pi brahma-kule jayamanah sarva upanisadah uddidirsuh sarvani dharma-sastrani vistarayisnuh sarvan api janan santarayisnuh sarvan api vaisnavan dharman vijrmbhayan sarvan api pasandan nicakhana.


In the Krsna Upanisad it is said: "In Kali-yuga (the fourth yuga), the Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Krsna Himself will appear in a brahmana family with the purpose of teaching the message of all the 108 Upanisads and expanding the conclusions of all the dharma-sastras. He will deliver all the living entities in the universe from the cycle of birth and death by manifesting the pure principles of Vaisnava dharma and He will simultaneously subdue all the atheists and offenders."
Mundaka Upanisad


yada pasyah pasyate rukma-varnam
kartaram isam purusam brahma-yonim;
tada vidvan punya-pape vidhuya
niranjanah paramam samyam upaiti. [1]

In the Mundaka Upanisad (3.1.3) it is said: "One who is fortunate enough to see that actual object of our vision, the golden-colored Personality of Godhead, the Supreme Lord Gaura who is the ultimate doer, controller and enjoyer of everything and the source of the brahmajyoti (or one who has descended in a brahmana family), immediately becomes the most learned person, free from all material peity, sin, contamination and designations and effortlessly attains the supreme liberation of entering the abode of the Lord."


hiranmaye pare kose, virajam brahma niskalam;
tac chubhram jyotisam jyotis, tad yad atma-vido viduh.[2]


"They who actually know the self, know that the supremely effulgent Personality of Godhead Lord Gauranga, the source of all other splendors, resides in a pure, splendid and transcendental realm (Navadvipa) which appears golden due to being illuminated by His own golden bodily complexion."


sa evaitat paramam brahma-dhama
yatra visvam nihitam bhati subhram;
upasate purusam ye hy akamas
te sukram etad ativartanti dhirah. [3]


"The sober persons who becoming free for all material desires, worship that golden Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, who resides in His topmost effulgent spiritual abode (Navadvipa), easily cross over this material world of repeated birth and death.


Sri Caitanya Upanisad-Atharva-veda


In the Atharva Veda-Sri Caitanya Upanisad it is said:


atha pippaladah samit-panir bhagavantam brahmanam upasanno. bhagavan me subham kim atra caksasveti. [1]


Carrying firewood in his hands, Pippalada humbly approached his supremely powerful father, Lord Brahma, and asked: "O my Lord, please instruct me on how I may attain an auspicious life."


sa hovaca. bhuya eva tapasa brahmacaryena
sasvad ramasva mano vaseti. [2]


Lord Brahma replied: "Be satisfied by always remaining celibate and performing austerities and very carefully control the activities of the mind."


sa tatha bhutva bhuya enam upasadyaha. bhagavan kalau papac channah prajah katham mucyerann iti. [3]


Pippalada followed these instructions, and after having become pure in his own heart and mind, he again approached his father and asked: "O my Lord, please tell me how the living entities in Kali-yuga, who are completely covered by sin, may be delivered."


ko va devata ko va mantro bruhiti. [4]


"Which form of the Lord should be the object of their worship, and what mantra should they chant in order to become delivered? Kindly inform me."


sa hovaca rahasyam te vadisyami jahnavi-tire navadvipe* golokakhye dhamni govindo dvi-bhujo gaurah sarvatma maha-puruso mahatma maha-yogi tri-gunatitah sattva-rupo bhaktim loke kasyatiti tad ete sloka bhavanti. [5]


Lord Brahma replied: "Listen carefully, for I shall give you a very confidential description of what will happen in the Kali-yuga. The Supreme Personality of Godhead Govinda, who is the all-pervading Supersoul residing in the hearts of all living entities; who is the Supreme Absolute Truth, the master of all mystics, and the supreme enjoyer; who is beyond the touch of the three modes of material nature; and whose form is transcendental; will appear again in the Kali age. Appearing as His own greatest devotee, the Lord will assume a two-armed form with a golden complexion, in His abode of Goloka Vrndavana manifested on the bank of the Ganges at Navadvipa,* West Bengal. He will disseminate pure devotional service throughout the entire world. I will now describe this incarnation of the Lord in the following verses."


eko devah sarva-rupi mahatma
gauro rakta-syamalah-sveta-rupah;
caitanyatma sa vai caitanya-saktir
bhaktakaro bhakti-do bhakti-vedyah. [6]


"The one Supreme Personality of Godhead, who appears in innumerable transcendental forms, is the master of all transcendental potencies. That same Lord who previously appeared with white, red, and black complexions, will appear as Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu in Kali-yuga in a golden form. He will assume the role of a perfect devotee and He will freely distribute pure devotional service to the conditioned souls. But He will be known only by those who are surrendered to Him."


namo vedanta-vedyaya, krsnaya paramatmane;
sarva-caitanya-rupaya, caitanyaya namo namah. [7]


"I offer my respectful obeisances unto Lord Sri Krsna, the all-pervading Supersoul residing in the hearts of all living entities, who is understood by the study of Vedanta philosophy. He appears as Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, the supremely conscious person."


vedanta-vedyam purusam puranam
caitanyatmanam visva-yonim mahantam;
tam eva viditvati-mrtyum eti
nanyah pantha vidyate 'yanaya. [8]


"One who understands that Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is known by the study of Vedanta philosophy, who is the original cause of unlimited universes, and who is the oldest, the original person, crosses beyond this world of birth and death. This is the proper understanding about Lord Caitanya, and aside from this there is no other way for one to achieve liberation."



sva-nama-mula-mantrena, sarvam hladayati vibhuh.[9]


"Appearing in this golden form, the unlimited and all-powerful Supreme Lord will fill the entire universe with transcendental bliss by the congregational chanting of the maha-mantra which consists of His own holy names."


dve sakti parame tasya, hladini samvid eva ca iti. [10]


"In this way the Supreme Lord will manifest two of His transcendental potencies-His hladini-sakti (the potency of transcendental bliss) and samvit-sakti (the potency of transcendental knowledge)."


sa eva mula-mantram japati, harir iti krsna iti rama iti. [11]


"The Supreme Lord (who will appear in Kali-yuga as Lord Gauranga) will chant a mantra consisting of His own names Hari, Krsna, and Rama (i.e. the maha-mantra: Hare Krsna, Hare Krsna, Krsna Krsna Hare Hare, Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare).


harati hrdaya-granthim vasana-rupam iti harih. krsih smarane tac ca nas tad-ubhaya-melanam iti krsnah. ramayati sarvam iti rama ananda-rupah. atra sloko bhavati. [12]


"These three seed names of the maha-mantra of the Supreme Lord (Hari, Krsna, and Rama) may be explained in the following way: {1} `Hari' means He who removes (harati) the knot of material desire in the hearts of the living entities; {2} `Krsna' is composed of the two syllables `krs' and `na'. 'Krs' means He who attracts the minds of all living entities, and `na' means the supreme transcendental pleasure; and {3} `Rama' means He who is the personification of all transcendental bliss.



mantro guhyah paramo bhakti-vedyah. [13]


"The maha-mantra is the topmost and most confidential of all mantras. It can only be understood when one engages in the pure devotional service of the Supreme Lord.


namany astav-asta ca sobhanani, tani nityam ye japanti dhiras. te vai mayam atitaranti, nanyah paramam-mantram
parama-rahasyam nityam avartayati. [14]


"Those who seriously desire to make progress in spiritual life should continually chant these sixteen beautiful names (maha-mantra) of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and in this way they will cross beyond the bondage of the illusory energy in this material world. There is no other mantra which is as powerful as this supremely great and most confidential of all mantras, which has directly descended from the spiritual world."


caitanya eva sankarsano vasudevah, paramesthi rudrah sarko brhaspatih sarve devah sarvani bhutani, sthavarani carani ca, yat kincit sad-asat-karanam sarvam. tad atra slokah. [15]


"Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is the Supreme Personality of Godhead who appears as Lord Sankarsana and Lord Vasudeva. He is the original father of Lord Brahma, Siva, Indra, Brhaspati, all the demigods, and all moving and non-moving living entities. He is the original cause of all that is temporary and all that is eternal. Nothing exists separately from Him, and therefore He is everything. He is furthur described in the following verses."


yat kincid asad bhunkte, ksaram tat karyam ucyate. [16]


"The material world (ksara) which the living entities (souls) try to enjoy, is the illusory and temporary manifested effect."


sat karanam param jivas, tad aksaram itiritam. [17]


"The living entities (aksara) are eternal infinitesimal parts of the Lord and thus transcendental to this material world."


ksaraksarabhyam paramah, sa eva purusottamah;
caitanyakhyam param tattvam, sarva-karana-karanam. [18]


"The Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, however, is superior to both the temporary material energy (effect) and the eternal living entities (cause). He is the Supreme Person, the Absolute Truth and the original cause of all causes. He is thus the cause of both the living entities and the material world."


ya enam rasayati bhajati dhyayati, sa papmanam tarati, sa puto bhavati, sa tattvam janati, sa tarati sokam,
gatis tasyaste nanyasyeti. [19]

"One who cultivates a relationship with the Supreme Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, and in this way always worships and remembers Him with devotion becomes free from all sins and completely pure. Easily understanding the truth about the Lord and becoming free from all material lamentation, such a devotee attains the supreme goal of life, which is unattainable by those averse to Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Thus ends the Caitanyopanisad."


Sri Ananta Samhita


In Sri Ananta-samhita, it is said:


svarnadi-tiram asritya, navadvipe* dvijalaye;
sampradatum bhakti-yogam, lokasyanugrahaya ca.


"To show causeless mercy to all the living entities and to award them devotional service, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will appear in a brahmana's home in Navadvipa*, by the Ganges' shore."


Sri Garga Samhita


In the Sri Garga-samhita, it is said:


maya-tirthe* ca yah snatva, mayam sampujya manavah;
sarvam manoratha-praptim, prapnuyan natra samsayah.


"Those who bathe in the Ganges at Mayapura* and worship the external potency of Lord Gauranga, known as Praudha Maya, there, will attain the fulfillment of all their desires. Of this there is no doubt."


Garuda Purana


aham purno bhavisyami, yuga-sandhau visesatah;
mayapure navadvipe*, bhavisyami saci-sutah. [1]


In the Garuda Purana, the Supreme Lord Himself declares, "At the beginning of Kali-yuga, in My original spiritual form, which is the source of all incarnations, I will descend as the transcendental son of Srimati Sacidevi, in Navadvipa-Mayapura*."


(2) sadhavah kali-kale tu, tyaktvanya-tirtha-sevanam;
vrndaranye 'thava ksetre, nava-khande* vasanti va. [2]


"In the age of Kali the devotees will abandon the service of other holy places and live in either Navadvipa, Vrndavana, or Jagannatha Puri."


Skanda Purana


(1) mayapurim* samasritya, kalau ye mam upasate;
sarva-papa-vinirmuktas, te yanti paramam gatim.


In the Skanda Purana the Lord says:, "They who in the age of Kali take full shelter of Sri Mayapura* and worship Me, become completely free from all sins and attain the supreme destination."


(2) yat tirtham vartate sriman, navadvipe* vibhagasah;
tat-tirtha-mahima tatra, sata-koti-gunam kalau.


"In the age of Kali, the glories of all the other holy places in the universe are present hundreds and millions of times over in Navadvipa*."


(3) yatha cintamaneh sangat, dhatu-mulyam pravardhate;
gaura-sangat tatha tirtha-mahatmyam parivardhate.


"As a metal's value increases (becomes gold) with a cintamani-jewel's touch, so the glory of any holy place increases with Lord Gaura's touch."


(4) godrumakhye* hareh sthane, vasanti ye narottamah;
sarva-papa-vinirmuktas, te yanti paramam padam.


In the Skanda Purana of Godruma-mahamtmya, it is said: "Those who reside in Lord Gaurahari's abode named Godruma become the most exalted among human beings. Being completely freed from all sins, they attain the supreme abode."
Padma Purana


kaleh prathama-sandhyayam, gaurango 'ham mahi-tale;
bhagirathi-tate* ramye, bhavisyami saci-sutah.


In the Padma Purana, the Supreme Lord affirms: "In the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, I will appear on the earth as Gauranga, in a beautiful place by the shore of the Ganges (*Navadvipa). I will become the son of Sacidevi and My complexion will be golden."
Brahma Purana


kaleh prathama-sandhyayam, gaurango 'ham mahi-tale;
bhagirathi-tate* bhumni, bhavisyami sanatanah.


In the Brahma Purana, the Supreme Lord Himself declares: "In the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, I will appear on the earth as Gauranga, in a beautiful place by the shore of the Ganges (*Navadvipa). I will descend in My original eternal form and My complexion will be golden."


Matsya Purana


mundo gaurah su-dirghangas, tri-srotas-tira-sambhavah*;
dayaluh kirtana-grahi, bhavisyami kalau yuge.


In the Matsya Purana, the Supreme Lord declares: "In the Kali-yuga I will appear in a place (*Navadvipa) where the three (Ganga, Yamuna, and Sarasvati) rivers meet. I will be fair, with a shaven head, and will have five large bodily parts (nose, arms, chin, eyes, and knees). I will be very merciful and enchanted by the chanting of My own holy names-Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare Hare, Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare."


Visnu Purana


bharatasyasya varsasya nava bhedan nisamayah;
indradvipah kaserus ca, tamraparnau gabhastiman.


nagadvipas tatha saumyo, gandharvastha varuna;
ayam tu navamas* tesam, dvipah sagara sambhrtah.


yojananam sahasrantu, dvipoh ayam daksinottaram.


In the Visnu Purana (2.3.6-7) it stated: "Please hear about the nine islands of Bharata-varsa, known as Indradvipa, Kaseru, Tamraparna, Gabhastiman, Nagadvipa, Saumya, Gandharva, Varuna, and the ninth, Navadvipa*, which is situated near the ocean in the midst of the other eight islands. Navadvipa extends 1,000 yojanas from north to south."


Srimad Bhagavata Mahapurana


krsna-varnam tvisakrsnam, sangopangastra-parsadam;
yajnaih sankirtana-prayair, yajanti hi su-medhasah. [1]


In Srimad-Bhagavatam (11.5.32) Karabhajana Muni speaks to Videharaja Nimi: "In the age of Kali, intelligent persons perform congregational chanting to worship the incarnation of Godhead (Lord Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu), who constantly sings the name of Krsna. Although His complexion is not blackish (but is like molten gold), He is Krsna Himself. He is accompanied by His associates, servants, weapons, and confidential companions."
_____________________________________________________


Commentary by Srila Jiva Gosvami in the Tattva-sandarbha is explained as follows:


This verse was spoken by Karabhajana Rsi in response to a question Maharaja Nimi posed concerning the Lord's color, name, and mode of worship in the various yugas. In this verse Karabhajana Rsi describes the Lord's incarnation in Kali-yuga, and in so doing he indirectly reveals that Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is Lord Sri Krsna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Krsna-varnam indicates one who describes the pastimes of Lord Krsna to others or who always chants "Krsna, Krsna." Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu certainly meets this criterion for being krsna-varna. Varnam also means "class" or "category." So krsna-varnam may also indicate one who is in the same class as Krsna. Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu is krsna-varna in this sense because He is nondifferent from Lord Sri Krsna. Varna also means "letter" or "word," and thus krsna-varnam also indicates one whose name has the word Krsna in it-in this case Sri Krsna Caitanya.
Other meanings of varna are "fame," "form," "outward appearance," "quality," and "ritual." One may apply all these meanings to the phrase krsna-varnam and thus understand it to indicate Sri Krsna Caitanya Mahaprabhu. For example, krsna-varnam may indicate one whose fame is like Krsna's or whose form is like Krsna's.
In Sarva-samvadini, a supplementary commentary to Sri Sat-sandarbha by Srila Jiva Gosvami himself, he explains that Lord Caitanya is referred to as krsna-varna because people were reminded of Lord Sri Krsna just by seeing Him. Another reason is that although Sri Caitanya displayed a golden complexion to the common man, to His intimate associates He sometimes appeared blackish. Finally, krsna-varna also means one who is blackish like Krsna, but in the case of Lord Caitanya, krsna-varna must refer to His inner complexion. The compound word tvisakrsnam may be broken as tvisa akrsnam, giving the meaning "whose bodily hue is not blackish."
In the Bhagavad-gita (7.25) Lord Krsna says, naham prakasah sarvasya yoga-maya-samavrtah: "Because the veil of Yogamaya covers Me, I am not manifest to everyone as I am." This declaration specifically applies to the Lord's appearance in Kali-yuga as Sri Krsna Caitanya. Prahlada Maharaja also refers to Lord Caitanya when he says in Srimad-Bhagavatam (7.9.38), channah kalau yad abhavas tri-yugo 'tha sa tvam: "O Lord, Your incarnation in Kali-yuga is hidden, or confidential, and therefore you are called Tri-yuga, one who incarnates in three yugas [namely Satya, Treta, and Dvapara]." Here the word channa ("covered") also signifies that Lord Caitanya is Lord Krsna covered by the mood and complexion of Sri Radhika. The Naradiya Purana (5.47) also foretells the Lord's appearance as a devotee:


aham eva kalau vipra nityam pracchanna-vigrahah;
bhagavad-bhakta-rupena lokan raksami sarvada.


"The Lord said: `Concealing My real identity, O vipra [Markandeya Rsi], I appear in Kali-yuga in the garb of a devotee and always protect My devotees.'"


Tvisakrsnam may also be broken up as tvisa krsnam, meaning "one whose complexion is blackish." Although Lord Caitanya's complexion was golden, He is Lord Krsna Himself, and thus the words tvisa krsnam indicate His original form as Lord Krsna, which He revealed only to certain devotees, such as Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya.
Sangopangastra-parsadam means "with His limbs, ornaments, weapons, and associates." According to Srila Baladeva Vidyabhusana, Lord Caitanya's limbs are Lord Nityananda Prabhu and Advaita Acarya, His ornaments are Srivasa Thakura, Srila Haridasa Thakura, and others, His weapons are the holy names, which dispel ignorance, and His associates are Gadadhara, Govinda, and the many other devotees who stayed with Him in Jagannatha Puri.
Sangopangastra-parsadam may also refer to Lord Caitanya's form as Sri Krsna, which He showed to His intimate devotees. This form has beautiful limbs decorated with ornaments (such as the Kaustubha gem), which act like weapons by attracting one's mind toward Lord Krsna and thus killing one's demoniac mentality. The Lord's ornaments are also associates of His, since they are living persons and are His devotees.
The words yajnaih sankirtana-prayair yajanti hi su-medhasah convey the following meaning: The Vedas recommend many processes for worshiping the Supreme Lord, but in Kali-yuga the wise worship Him by chanting His holy names congregationally. Lord Caitanya inaugurated this process and is thus called the father of the sankirtana movement.
Su-medhasah means "people of fine intelligence." The implication is that less intelligent people will worship the Lord in other ways and that outright fools will oppose the sankirtana movement. Sankirtana is very dear to Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. He Himself was always absorbed in performing sankirtana, and He enjoined everyone to participate, declaring it the universal remedy for all the defects of Kali-yuga. Sukadeva Gosvami confirms this in Srimad-Bhagavatam (12.3.51, 52):


kaler dosa-nidhe rajann asti hy eko mahan gunah;
kirtanad eva krsnasya mukta-sangah param vrajet.


krte yad dhyayato visnum tretayam yajato makhaih;
dvapare paricaryayam kalau tad dhari-kirtanat.


"My dear king, although Kali-yuga is an ocean of faults, there is still one good quality about this age: Simply by chanting the names of Krsna one can become free from material bondage and be promoted to the transcendental kingdom. Whatever result was obtained in Satya-yuga by meditating on Visnu, in Treta-yuga by performing sacrifices, and in Dvapara-yuga by serving the Lord's lotus feet can be obtained in Kali-yuga simply by chanting the Hare Krsna maha-mantra."


KEY EVENTS IN THE LIFE OF LORD SRI CAITANYA MAHAPRABHU (1486-1533 A.D.- 47 1/2 years),
THE INCARNATION OF LORD SRI KRSNA


- February 18, 1486-His birth in Shri Mayapura, Navadvipa
-August, 1486 (age 6 months)-Ceremony of giving first grains, and ceremony of offering coins and the Shrimad- Bhagavatam (in which He chose the Bhagavatam)
-1494 (age 8)-He begins His schooling under Ganga Dasa Pandita
-1496 (age 10)-He becomes a scholar; His brother Vishvarupa takes sannyasa
-1500 (age 14)-He marries Shrimati Lakshmi-Priya
-1502 (age 16)-He starts His own school, teaching Sanskrit grammer
-1503 (age 17)-He travels to Gaya and accepts initiation from Shrila Isvara Puri
-1509 (age 23)-He propagates the sankirtana movement; He delivers Chand Kazi
-1510 (age 24)-He formally accepts the renounced order of sannyasa
-February 1510 (age 25)-He travels to Puri, Orissa; He visits the Deity Sakshi-Gopala
-March 1510-He meets with Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya and converts him to Vaishnavism
-April 1510-He continues toward South India; He meets Ramananda Raya
-August-November 1510-He spends Chaturmasya in Ranga-kshetra
-June 1511 (age 26)-He returns to Jagannatha Puri
-October 1514 (age 28)-He travels to Bengal and meets Rupa and Sanatana Gosvamis
-June 1515 (age 29)-Returns to Puri via Santipura; He starts for Shri Vrindavana
-June 1516 (age 30)-He returns to Puri, remaining there for His final 17 years (to 1533)
-1516-1522-He inspires active preaching work while based in Puri
-March 1517 (age 31)-Sri Rupa Gosvami arrives from Vrndavana; then Sri Sanatana Goswami
-July 1517-Raghunatha Dasa Gosvami is freed from family duties and comes to Puri also
-March 1518 (age 32)-Sri Sanatana is sent Vrndavana
-1520 (age 34)-The passing away of Shri Haridasa Thakura
-1532 (age 46)-Mahaprabhu's distressful separation from Lord Krishna increases markedly
-1533 (age 47 1/2 )-His Disappearance Pastime in the temple of Tota Gopinatha.
_____________________________________________________



daksa uvaca
suddham sva-dhamny uparatakhila-buddhy-avastham
cin-matram ekam abhayam pratisidhya mayam*;
tisthams tayaiva purusatvam upetya tasyam
aste bhavan aparisuddha ivatma-tantrah. [2]


In Srimad-Bhagavatam (4.7.26) Daksa prays to the Lord as follows: "O supremely independent Lord! You manifest your pure, transcendental and fearless form in Your own abode known as Sri Mayapura*."


asan varnas trayo hy asya, grhnato 'nuyugam tanuh;
suklo raktas tatha pita*, idanim krsnatam gatah. [3]


In Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.8.13) Sri Gargamuni tells Nanda Maharaja: "Your son Krsna appears as an incarnation in every millennium. In the past, He assumed three different colors-white, red and yellow*-and now He has appeared in a blackish color."


ittham nr-tiryag-rsi-deva jhasavatarair
lokan vibhavayasi hamsi jagat-pratipan;
dharmam maha-purusa pasi yuganuvrttam
channah* kalau yad abhavas tri-yugo 'tha sa tvam. [4]


In Srimad-Bhagavatam (7.9.38) Sri Prahlada Maharaja states:
"My Lord, You kill all the enemies of the world in Your multifarious incarnations in the families of men, animals, demigods, rsis, aquatics and so on. Thus You illuminate the worlds with transcendental knowledge. In the Age of Kali, O Mahapurusa, You sometimes appear in a covered incarnation*. Therefore You are known as Tri-yuga [One whose lila-avataras appears in only three yugas]."


Vayu Purana


svarnadi-tiram asthaya, *navadvipa-janalayah;
tatra dvija-kulam prapto, bhavisyami janalaye.


"I will take birth in a brahmana family in Sri Navadvipa* and reside there by the Ganges' shore."


Krsna Yamala


aham purno bhavisyami, yuga-sandhau visesatah;
mayapure navadvipe*, varam ekam saci-sutah.


In the Krsna-yamala, the Supreme Lord confirms: "During the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, I will descend in My most complete and original form in Mayapura, which is in the heart of Navadvipa*, as the divine son of Sacidevi."


Brahma Yamala


athavaham dharadhame, bhutva mad-bhakta-rupa-dhrk;
mayayam* ca bhavisyami, kalau sankirtanagame.


In the Brahma-yamala, the Supreme Lord declares: "Sometimes I personally appear on the surface of the earth in the garb of My own devotee. In this form, in Kali-yuga I appear in this form in Sri Mayapura*, to inaugurate the hari-nama-sankirtana movement."


Brhad Brahma Yamala


kalau purnanandas tri-bhuvana-jayi gaura-sutanur
navadvipe* jatah suradhuni-samipe naraharih
dadat papibhyah samstutam api harer nama sukrtam
taritva papabdhim bhuvi vijayate sri-gauracandrabhidhah.


In ancient times, in the Brhad-brahma-yamala Tantra, it was said: "All glories to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri Gauracandra, who appears in Kali-yuga as the personification of complete bliss. His beautiful form with golden complexion is glorified throughout the three worlds. He appeared in Sri Navadvipa,* which is on the banks of the Ganges. He delivered the most fallen people of the world from the ocean of sins by freely distributing to them the treasure of the most sacred and glorious names of Lord Hari."


vande gauravataram kali-mala-mathanam sri-navadvipa-vasam*
kanthe malam dadhanam sruti-yuga-vilasat-svarna-samsakta-gandam
keyurangada-divya-ratna-ghatitam bahu-dvaye bibhratam
bhaktebhyo dadatam malapaharanam-namapi sarvam hareh.


"I offer my repeated obeisances to the Gaura-avatara, who destroys the unlimited impurities of Kali-yuga, who resides in Sri Navadvipa,* who wears an exquisite garland around His neck, whose cheeks are beautified by glistening golden earrings, whose arms are adorned with splendid jeweled keyura and angada armlets, and who awards His devotees the holy names of Lord Hari, which destroy all the impurities in their hearts."
Mukti Sankalini Tantra


kuruksetram krte tirtham, tretayam puskaram smrtam;
dvapare naimisaranyam, nava-khandam* kalau kila.


In the Mukti-sankalini Tantra it is said: "In Satya-yuga, Kuruksetra was the most important holy place; in Treta-yuga, Puskara was the most important holy place; Naimisaranya was the important holy place in Dvapara-yuga; and in Kali-yuga, Navadvipa* is the most important holy place (because the Lord personally appears here in Kali-yuga)."


Urdhvamnaya Tantra


avataram imam krtva, jiva-nistara-hetuna;
kalau mayapurim* gatva, bhavisyami saci-sutah. [1]


In the Urdhvamnaya-tantra, the Supreme Lord declares: "For the deliverance of the conditioned souls in Kali-yuga, I will incarnate in Sridhama Mayapura* as the son of Srimati Sacidevi."


`klim gauraya namah' iti, sarva lokesu pujitah;
maya-ramananga-bijaih, vag-bijena ca pujitah.


sadaksarah kirtito 'yam, mantra-rajah sura-drumah. [2]


In the Urdhvamnaya-tantra, Srila Vyasadeva describes the six-syllable Gaura Gayatri-mantra to Srila Narada:


"This gaura-mantra (klim gauraya namah) is worshipped by all the people in the world by using the bija-mantras of Maya, Rama, Ananga and Sarasvati. I have chanted to you this six-syllable Gaura-mantra (klim gauraya namah), which is like a desire tree because it fulfills all our desires and grants us pure love for Krsna."
Kapila Tantra


jambudvipe kalau ghore, mayapure* dvijalaye;
janitva parsadaih sardham, kirtanam prakatisyati. [1]


In the Kapila Tantra, the Supreme Lord declares: "In the horrible Kali-yuga, I will descend in a brahmana's home in Mayapura*, in Jambudvipa. Assisted by My eternal associates, I will manifest the hari-nama-sankirtana movement."


kvacit sapi krsnam aha, srnu mad-vacanam priya;
bhavata ca sahaikatmyam, icchami bhavitum prabho. [2]


In the Kapila Tantra, Ninth Patala it is said: "Then Srimati Radharani said to Lord Krsna: `O my beloved Lord, please hear My words. I intensely desire to become one with You.


mama bhavanvitam rupam, hrdayahlada-karanam;
parasparanga-madhya-stham, krida-kautuka-mangalam. [3]


"`Please show Me a form which is the personification of My love for You, which is greatly delightful to My heart, which is manifested by the transcendental union and Our two transcendental bodies and which is filled with auspicious and blissful pastimes.


paraspara-svabhavadhyam rupam ekam pradarsaya;
srutva tu preyasi-vakyam parama-priti-sucakam. [4]


"`Please show Me that form which is enriched by Our two natures.' In this way Lord Krsna heard these words which were spoken by His beloved with intense love.


svecchayasid yatha purvam, utsahena jagad-guruh;
premalingana-yogena, hy acintya-sakti-yogatah. [5]


"Hearing this, the master of the universe Lord Krsna enthusiastically embraced Her. Then, by the arrangement of His inconceivable potency, . . .


radha-bhava-kanti-yuktam, murtim ekam prakasayan;
svapne tu darsayam asa, radhikayai svayam prabhuh. [6]


. . . Their two divine forms merged into one single splendid golden form of Krsna (Gauranga) endowed with the sentiment, love and golden complexion of His greatest devotee Srimati Radharani. This form was shown by Lord Krsna to Srimati Radhika in a dreamlike trance."


Purport by Srila Bhaktiratna Sadhu Maharaja:


From the above verses it is very clear that Lord Radha-Krsna have combined as Lord Gauranga. Thus the four-syllable Gaura-gopala mantra (or Gauranga-mantra) is gau-ra-an-ga which is absolutely non-different from the four syllables of ra-dha krs-na. This was constantly chanted by Srila Sivananda Sena as explained in Sri Caitanya-caritamrta, Antya -lila 2.31:
`gaura-gopala mantra' tomara cari aksara;
avisvasa chada, yei kariyacha antara"


Nakula Brahmacari told Sivananda Sena, "You are chanting the Gaura-gopala mantra, composed of four syllables (which is your ista-mantra). Now please give up the doubts that have resided within you."


Purport by Srila Prabhupada:


Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura explains the Gaura-gopala mantra in his Amrta-pravaha-bhasya. Worshipers of Sri Gaurasundara accept the four syllables gau-ra-an-ga as the Gaura mantra, but pure worshipers of Radha and Krsna accept the four syllables ra-dha krs-na as the Gaura-gopala mantra. However, Vaisnavas consider Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu nondifferent from Radha-Krsna (sri-krsna-caitanya radha-krsna nahe anya). Therefore one who chants the mantra "gauranga" and one who chants the names of Radha and Krsna are on the same level.


Purport by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura in his Amrta-pravaha-bhasya:


gaura-gopala-mantra-gauravadi gana `gauranga'-name catura-aksara gaura-mantra ke uddesya karena; kevala krsnavadi gana ei `gaura-gopala-mantra' sabde
radhakrsnera catura-aksara-mantrake uddesya karena.


"The following is the explanation of the Gaura-gopala mantra. The followers of Lord Gaura accept `Gauranga' as the four-syllable mantra and the followers of only Krsna accept `Radha-Krsna' as the Gaura-gopala mantra. The followers of both Lord Gaura and Lord Krsna accept either one of them as the Gaura-gopala mantra understanding that They are non-different from each other."


In Sri Caitanya-mangala Sutra-khanda Verse 527 by Srila Locana Dasa Thakura, the four-syllable Gauranga-mantra is described as the mantra through which Lord Gauranga is worshipped in Goloka Vrndavana, the topmost Vaikuntha planet in the spiritual world:


hema-gaura kalevara, mantra cari-aksara;
sahaja vaikuntha-natha syama.


"The Lord sits on a golden bejewelled throne. He posseses a complexion millions of times more brilliant than the colour of molten gold. He is worshipped by all His devotees with the four-syllable mantra, Gauranga."


The most exalted Babaji instructed Vrajanatha in the following way in Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura's Jaiva Dharma, Chapter 17, regarding the destination of the worship of Lord Gaura and Lord Krsna:


"Krsna and Gaura-kisora are not different. They are both shelters of the feature of sweetness (madhurya-rasa). They do have one difference. Madhurya-rasa (the Lord's sweetness) has two features: 1. madhurya (sweetness), and 2. audarya (mercy). When sweetness is prominent, Lord Krsna is manifested. When mercy is prominent, Lord Gauranga is manifested. The topmost spiritual world of Vrndavana is divided into two abodes: 1. the abode of Lord Krsna, and 2. the abode of Lord Gaura. The eternally perfect and eternally liberated souls who have sweetness first and mercy second reside in Lord Krsna's abode. They are Lord Krsna's associates. The eternally perfect and eternally liberated souls who have mercy first and sweetness second reside in Lord Gaura's abode. They are Lord Gaura's associates. Some souls manifest two forms and reside in both abodes simultaneously. Other souls manifest only one form and are present in one of the abodes and not in the other. Souls who during the time of sadhana, worship only Lord Gaura, at the time of attaining perfection go to Lord Gaura's transcendental abode and eternally serve Him there. Souls who during the time of sadhana worship only Lord Krsna, at the time of attaining perfection go to Lord Krsna's transcendental abode and serve Him there. Souls who during the time of sadhana worship both Lord Krsna and Lord Gaura, at the time of attaining perfection manifest two spiritual forms and go to both Lord Krsna's abode and Lord Gaura's abode, and in their two forms serve the two Lord's simultaneously in both places. This truth: that Lord Gaura and Lord Krsna are simultaneously one and different from each other, is a very confidential secret."


Most of the acaryas in the Brahma-Madhva-Gaudiya Parampara of Lord Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu serve both the Lords in both their abodes. Thus by serving these exalted acaryas through the parampara system by executing their instructions and mission, the spiritual aspirant can achieve the association and service of both the Lords in both their abodes in two spiritual bodies. (Purport ends)


Visvasara Tantra


gangayah daksine bhage, navadvipe* manorame;
kali-papa-vinasaya, saci-garbhe sanatani.


In the Visvasara Tantra, Lord Siva said to Candi: "O eternal goddess, in order to destroy the sins of Kali-yuga, I will appear in the womb of Sacidevi, in the most beautiful Navadvipa*, which is on the southern shore of the Ganges."


Kularnava Tantra


tatah kale ca samprapte, kalau ko 'pi maha-nidhi;
hari-nama-prakasaya, ganga-tire* janisyati.


In the Kularnava Tantra, Lord Siva said to Parvati: "At the beginning of Kali-yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is a great treasure-house of transcendental qualities, will take birth by the Ganges' shore (*Navadvipa) in order to manifest the chanting of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra."


Yoga Vasistha


kaleh prathama-sandhyayam, gaurango 'sau mahi-tale;
bhagirathi-tate* ramye, bhavisyati sanatanah.


In the Yoga-vasistha it is said: "In the first sandhya of Kali-yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead Sri Gauranga will appear on this earth in His eternal golden form, on the beautiful banks of the Ganges (*Navadvipa)."


Mahabharata


suvarna-varno hemango, varangas candanangadi;
sannyasa-krc chamah santo, nistha-santi-parayanah.


In the Visnu-sahasra-nama-stotra, Dana-dharma 149.92, 75 Mahabharata it is said:


"In His early pastimes He appears as a householder with a golden complexion. His limbs are beautiful, and His body, smeared with the pulp of sandalwood, seems like molten gold. In His later pastimes He accepts the sannyasa order, and He is equipoised and peaceful. He is the highest abode of peace and devotion, for He silences the impersonalist nondevotees."


Smrtis about the golden age in Kali-yuga (10,000 years) brought by Lord Caitanya (1486 AD to 11486 AD)


Brahma Vaivarta Purana


bhagirathy uvaca
he natha ramana srestha, yasi golokam uttamam;
asmakam ka gatis catra, bhavisyati kalau yuge. [1]


In the Brahma-vaivarta Purana, mother Ganges petitions Lord Krsna: "O protector, supreme enjoyer, after Your departure for the supreme abode, Goloka, what will be my condition in the degraded age of Kali?"


sri bhagavan uvaca
kaleh panca sahasrani, varsani tistha bhutale;
papani papino yanti, tubhyam dasyanti snanatah. [2]


The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: "On the earth 5,000 years of Kali will be very sinful and sinners will come and deposit their sins in you by bathing.


man-mantropasaka sparsad, bhasmi bhutani tat ksanat;
bhavisyanti darsanac ca, snana deva hi jahnavi. [3]


"Thereafter simply by the sight or touch of One who will worship Me by My mantra*, all those sins will be burnt at once.


(*Here Lord Krsna is indicating His own concealed incarnation in the form of Lord Caitanya in Kali-yuga, when He will appear as His own upasaka for the purpose of teaching devotional service to everyone by the chanting of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra. The Lord will appear in Navadvipa on the bank of the Ganga and destroy all the sin accumulated in the Ganga by taking bath and sporting in Her waters with His eternal associates for 24 years.)


harer namani yatraiva, puranani bhavanti hi;
tatra gatva savadhanam, abhih sarddham ca srosyasi. [4]


"Everywhere there will be chanting of the name of Hari and reading of the Bhagavata Purana. At that time you can also go to such a place and attentively hear My glorification.


purana sravanac caiva, harer namanukirtanat;
bhasmi bhutani papani, brahma-hatyadikani ca. [5]


"All sinful reactions including the killing of a brahmana can be completely nulified simply by hearing the Bhagavata Purana and the continuous and devoted chanting of the names of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra following in the footsteps of the great devotees (who are the followers of the ultimate mantra-upasaka Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu).


bhasmi bhutani tanyeva, vaisnavalinganena ca;
trnani suska kasthani, dahanti pavako yatha. [6]


"Just as dry grass or wood is consumed by fire, simply by the embrace of these Vaisnavas (followers of Lord Lord Gauranga) all sins of the living entities will be burnt.


tathapi vaisnava loke, papani papinamapi;
prthivyam yani tirthani, punyanyapi ca jahnavi. [7]


"O Ganges (Jahnavi), the whole planet will become a most auspicious pilgrimage sight by the presence of these Vaisnavas, even though it had been very sinful in the past 5000 years.


mad bhaktanam sariresu, santi putesu santatam;
mad bhakta pada rajasa, sadah puta vasundhara. [8]


"In the body of My devotees, there is extraordinary potency to purify everything. Thus even Mother Earth will become purified by the dust of the feet of My devotees.


sadyah putani tirthani, sadyah putam jagat tatha;
man mantropasaka vipra, ye mad ucchista bhojinah. [9]


"As My devotees will purify the whole world, they will purify even the pilgrimage sites. Those intelligent learned followers of the worshipper of My maha-mantra (Lord Caitanya), will only partake of My remnants (prasadam) and thus purify everything.


mam eva nityam dhyayante, te mat pranadhikah priyah;
tad upasparsa matrena, puto vayusca pavakah. [10]


"Those who meditate on Me constantly by the chanting of the Hare Krsna maha-mantra and My Names (like Gauranga, Nityananda etc.), are more dear to Me than My very life. Even the air and fire (which are already purifiers) will become pure simply even by their indirect touch.


kaler dasa-sahasrani, mad bhaktah santi bhutale;
eka varna bhavisyanti, mad bhaktesu gatesu ca. [11]


"For 10,000 years of Kali (which will be the Golden Age brought by the Lord in the form of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu), such devotees of Mine will fill the whole planet. After the departure of My devotees, all of those who will remain will be like outcastes.


mad bhakta sunya prthivi, kali grasta bhavisyati;
eta smin namtare tatra, krsna dehad vinirgatah. [12]


"After these 10,000* years, completely devoid of My devotees, the earth will be shackled again by Kali's strong influence (as described in the 12th Canto of the Bhagavata Purana)." Saying this, Lord Krsna departed.


(*Kali-yuga total duration is 432,000 years. So after 5,000 years of sinful degradation and the next 10,000 years of the Golden Age of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu as described above, the balance 417,000 years of Kali-yuga will be the most sinful period for the earth planet due to the complete domination by the personality of Kali. At the end, i.e. 427,000 years from now, the Lord will appear on a white horse in his partial incarnation of Kalki to annihilate the demons and restablish the Satya-yuga.)


[There are many other verses from Sri Garga-samhita, Padma Purana, Visnu Purana, Varaha Purana, Linga Purana, Brahma Purana, Mahabharata, and so on, which describe the glories of specific holy places in Navadvipa. These were not included herein, so that this book would not become voluminous. Please read the book `The Lord of Kali-Yuga' for several other quotes from the scriptures about the incarnation of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu.]


(II) Sastras glorify Sri Navadvipa-dhama


Sri Ananta Samhita


In Sri Ananta-samhita, Part 2, chapter 3 (verses 5-19 and 38-41), Lord Siva describes to Parvati:


sri-mahadeva uvaca
(1) srnu gauri pravaksyami, sarva-papa-pranasanam
navadvipasya mahatmyam, sa-prema-bhakti-dam nrnam


"O Gauri, please hear attentively and I will speak the great glories of Sridhama Navadvipa, which completely destroy all sins and award Krsna's pure loving devotional service to all living entities.


(2) yatha vrndavanam dhama, sri-krsnasya krpa-nidheh;
navadvipas tatha kante, satyam satyam vadamy aham.


"The glories of Navadvipa are exactly the same as the glories of Vrndavana, the trancendental abode of Lord Krsna, who is an ocean of mercy. O beloved, I speak the truth.


(3) yadvad vrndavane ramye, sri-krsno radhaya saha;
reme bhaktananda-karas, tadvad dvipe nave sada.


"Lord Krsna, who delights the devotees by enjoying pastimes with Sri Radha in the most beautiful Vrndavana-dhama, also eternally enjoys with Sri Radha in Sri Navadvipa-dhama.


(4) ganga-yamunayor madhye, dvipah parama-sobhanah;
yasya smarana-matrena, sri-radha-krsnayo ratih.


"In the middle of both the Ganges and Yamuna is an exquistely beautiful island of Navadvipa. Simply by remembering it one attains pure love for Sri Sri Radha and Krsna.


(5) yadi tirtha-sahasrani, paryatanti narah ksitau;
navadvipam vina devi, na radham krsnam apnuyat.


"O goddess, people travel to thousands of holy places in this world will not attain Sri Sri Radha and Krsna if they do not also travel to visit Navadvipa.


(6) dvipasyasyaika-dese ca, tirthani sakalani ca;
rsayo munayo devas, tatha siddhasramani ca.


(7) vedah sastrani sarvani, mantradini mahesvari;
vasanti satatam durge, sri-radha-krsna-tustaye.


"O Durga, at a certain place on this transcendental island all holy places, all sages, saints, and demigods, all ashrams of perfected beings, all Vedic scriptures, and all Vedic mantras constantly reside for the satisfaction of Sri Sri Radha and Krsna.


(8) asvamedha-sahasrani, vajapeyadhikani ca;
nana-vidhani karmani, krtva bhaktya muhur muhuh.


(9) yat phalam labhate martyo, yogabhyasena yat phalam;
navadvipasya smaranat, tesam koti-gunam labhet;
kim punah darsanam casya, phalam vaksyami parvati.


"The result a human being attains by performing thousands of asvamedha-yajnas, as well as vajapeya-yajnas, and or many other pious rituals, repeatedly and constantly with great devotion, or by diligently practicing yoga for a very long time, is attained millions of times over by simply remembering Navadvipa only once. O Parvati, how then will I be able to describe the result attained by directly seeing Navadvipa?


(10) sakrd yadi navadvipam, samsmareyur naradhamah;
sadhavas te tadaiva syuh, satyam satyam hi parvati.


"If the lowest among men faithfully remember Navadvipa for just a single moment, they immediately become great saints. O Parvati, this is the truth, this is the truth.


(11) tesam dine dine bhaktir, vardhate natra samsayah;
tesam pada-rajah-puta, sapta-dvipa vasundhara.


"Every day their devotion increases; of this there is no doubt. The whole earth with its seven continents becomes purified simply by the dust of their feet.


(12) ye vasanti navadvipe, manavah gaura-devatah;
na ca te manava-jneya, sri-gaurasya ca parsadah.


"Those human beings who reside in Navadvipa and accept Lord Gaura as their worshipable Lord should not be considered as ordinary human beings. They are the transcendental associates of Lord Gaura.


(13) tesam smarana-matrena, maha-patakino 'pi ca;
satyam sudhanti vai durge, kim punar darsanadibhih.


"O Durga, simply by remembering them, the greatest sinners are purified. How much more blessed are those who directly see them or associate with them!.


(14) navadvipasya mahatmyam, pancabhir vadanair aham;
kim varnayami nanantah, sahasrair vadanair alam.


"Even Lord Ananta, with His thousands of mouths, is not able to properly glorify Navadvipa. So how can I do so with only five mouths?



(15) dhama-sarasya krsnasya, vrndaranyasya sailaje;
arohanasya sopanam, navadvipam vidur budhah.


"O Parvati, the learned and wise know that Navadvipa is a staircase leading to Vrndavana, the topmost abode of Lord Krsna.


(16) navadvipe ca sa krsna, adaya hrdaye svayam;
gajendra-gamanam radham, sada ramayate muda.


"Lord Krsna will appear in Navadvipa. Taking the mood of Srimati Radha to His heart, Lord Krsna will constantly and blissfully relish Her love for Him. At that time, His movements will be more graceful than those of the best of elephants.


(17) navadvipe tu tah sakhyo, bhakta-rupa-dharah priye;
ekangam sri-gaura-harim, sevante satatam muda.


"O beloved, assuming the forms of male devotees, the gopis and other associates will also appear in Navadvipa. With great happiness they will constantly serve Lord Gaurahari, who is Radha and Krsna combined in a single form.


(18) ya eva radhika-krsnah, sa eva gaura-vigrahah;
yac ca vrndavanam devi, navadvipam ca tat subham.


"O goddess, know for sure that Radha and Krsna will combine to become the single golden form of Lord Gaura, and Vrndavana will become the beautiful and auspicious Navadvipa.


(19) vrndavane navadvipe, bheda-buddhis ca yo narah;
tam eva radhika-krsne, sri-gaurange paratmani.


(20) mac-chala-pata-nirbhinna-dehah so 'pi naradhamah;
pacyate narake ghore, yavad ahuta-samplavam.


"With my trident I will cut into pieces anyone who thinks that Vrndavana and Navadvipa are different, or that Radha-Krsna and Lord Gauranga are different, or that Lord Gauranga is not the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Such a person is most degraded and will burn in a terrible hell until the time of the universal devastation.


(21) yahi turnam navadvipam, bhaja gauram krpa-nidhim,
yadi vrndavane ramye, sri-radha-krsna-sannidhau;
dasatvam durlabham loke, bhakti-saram yam icchasi.


"Lord Hari said to Anantadeva: `If you desire the most rare essence of all kinds of pure devotional service, i.e., the direct service to Sri Sri Radha-Krsna in the beautiful abode of Vrndavana, then go at once to Navadvipa and worship Lord Gaura, who is an ocean of causeless mercy.'


(22) tatra gatva navadvipe, naga-rajo drdha-vratah;
pujayam asa gaurangam, api varsayutam priye.


"O beloved, the king of serpents, Ananta, then went to Navadvipa. Following strict vows with great determination, He worshipped Lord Gauranga for ten thousand years.


(23) tatah prasanno bhagavan, sri-gauro jagad-isvarah;
darsayam asa svam rupam, anantaya mahatmane.


"Greatly pleased, the Supreme Personality of Godhead and master of all universes revealed His transcendental golden form to His great devotee Ananta.


(24) ayam eva navadvipo, vrndavana-samo 'nagha;
anugrahaya jivanam, radhaya nirmitah pura.


"Lord Gauranga then said to Ananta: `O sinless one, Navadvipa is equal to Vrndavana in all respects. To show mercy to the living entities Sri Radha created it long ago.


(25) yatha mama priya radha, tatha vrndavanam mahat;
tadvad ayam navadvipa, iti satyam vadamy aham.


"`As Radha is dear to Me, so the great Vrndavana and Navadvipa are also dear to Me. I speak to You the truth.


(26) vrndavane yathananta, vasami radhaya saha;
radhaya militango `'ham, tathaivasmin sada vase.


"`O Ananta, as I reside in Vrndavana with Sri Radha, so also do I stay eternally in Navadvipa, in My transcendental form embraced by Sri Radha.


(27) yatha vrndavanam tyaktva, gacchami na ca kutracit;
tatha deva navadvipam, na tyajami kadacana.


"`O Anantadeva, as I do not leave Vrndavana to go to any other place, so also do I never give up Navadvipa to go anywhere else.'"


Urdhvamnaya Tantra


In the Urdhvamnaya-tantra, Lord Siva declares to Parvati:


(1) aprakrtam navadvipam, cin-mayam cid-visesanam;
jadatitam param dhama, brahma-puram sanatanam.


(2) vadanti srutayah saksad, daharam sarva-sundaram;
nava-sankhyas tatha dvipa, vartante padma-puspa-vat.


"The Vedas directly glorify Navadvipa as completely spiritual, with no material tinge, full of knowledge, beyond dull and inert matter, the topmost eternal transcendental abode, and an all-beautiful lotus flower. The nine islands of Navadvipa are just like the parts of that great lotus flower.


(3) srnu devi pravaksyami, nava-khanda-svarupakam;
yatra vai rajate nityam, sri-gaurasundaro harih.


"O goddess, please listen attentively as I describe the nature and form of these nine islands where Lord Gaurasundara eternally shines with great splendor.


(4) antardvipas tatha devi, simantadvipa-samjnakah;
godrumadvipa-samjno 'nyo, madhyadvipas tatha parah.


(5) ganga-purva-tate ramye, devi dvipa-catustayam,
koladvipa-rtudvipo, jahnudvipah, suresvari;
modadrumas tatharudrah, pancaite pascime tate.


"O goddess, on the beautiful eastern shore of the Ganges are the four islands Antardvipa, Simantadvipa, Godrumadvipa, and Madhyadvipa. On the western shore are the five islands Koladvipa, Rtudvipa, Jahnudvipa, Modrumadvipa, and Rudradvipa.


(6) ganga ca yamuna caiva, godavari sarasvati;
narmada sindhuh kaveri, tamraparni payasvini.


(7) krtamala tatha bhima, gomati ca drsadvati,
sarvah punya-jala nadyah, vartante 'tra yatha-yatham;
navadvipo maha-devi, tabhih sarvaih parivaritah.


"O great goddess, Navadvipa is surrounded by the pure and sacred waters of the Ganges, Yamuna, Godavari, Sarasvati, Narmada, Sindhu, Kaveri, Tamraparni, Payasvini, Krtamala, Bhima, Gomati, Drsadvati, and all other holy rivers.


(8) ayodhya mathura maya, kasi kanci hy avantika,
dvaravati kuruksetram, puskaro naimisam vanam;
vartante 'tra navadvipe, nitye dhamni mahesvari.


"O goddess, Ayodhya, Mathura, Maya, Kasi, Kanci, Avantika, Dvaraka, Kuruksetra, Puskara, and Naimisaranya are all eternally present in the transcendental abode of Navadvipa.


(9) bhagirathy-alakananda, mandakini tathapara,
bhogavatiti gangaya, asti dhara-catustayam;
navadvipasya paridhis, catvari yojanani ca.


"Bhagirathi, Alakananda, Mandakini, and Bhogavati are the four streams of the Ganges that surround Navadvipa for thirty-two miles.


(10) prthivyam yani tirthani, rasayam divi va priye;
tani sarvani tisthanti, navadvipe suresvari.


"O dear goddess, all the holy places on the earth and in the upper and lower planetary systems are present in Navadvipa.


(11) naham vasami kailase, na tvam vasasi mad-grhe;
na deva divi tisthanti, rsayo na vane vane.


"I do not reside in Kailasa. You do not reside in my home. The demigods do not reside in heaven. The sages do not stay in the forest.


(12) sarve vayam navadvipe, tisthamah prema-lalasah;
gaura gaureti gayantah, sankirtana-para bhuvi.


"Overwhelmed with the great longing for obtaining pure love for Krsna, we all stay in Navadvipa. All of us constantly perform sankirtana, singing `Gaura! Gaura!' while residing there.


(13) ye narah krtino devi, navadvipe vasanti te;
jivena marane tesam, patir eko mahaprabhuh.


"O goddess, for the extremely fortunate devotees who live in Navadvipa, Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu is their only Lord and maintainer, in this life and also after death.


(14) panca-tattvatmakam gauram, krsna-caitanya-samjnakam;
ye bhajanti navadvipe, te me priyatamah kila.


"They who in Navadvipa worship Lord Gaura, who is known as Sri Krsna Caitanya in His five features (Panca-tattva) are most dear to me.


(15) padmakaram navadvipam, antardvipam ca karnikam;
simantadi-sthalams tatra, dalan asta-svarupakan.


"Navadvipa has the form of a great lotus. Antardvipa is the whorl of that lotus, and Simantadvipa and the other islands are its eight petals.


(16) karnika-madhya-bhage tu, pitham ratnamayam param,
panca-tattvanvitam tatra, gauram purata-sundaram;
ye dhyayanti janah sasvat, te tu sarvottamottamah.


"In the middle of that whorl (Antardvipa) is the topmost sacred place of jewels Sri dhama (Mayapura). There resides the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the handsome golden Gaura in His five features (Panca-tattva). They who always meditate on Lord Gaura in Mayapura are the most exalted of all exalted souls.


(17) yatra tatra navadvipe, sa sannyasy athava grhi;
ha gaureti vadan nityam, sarvanandan samasnute.


"Whether a sannyasi or a grhastha, a person who somewhere in Navadvipa always chants the name of Gaura merges in full transcendental bliss.


(18) bhagirathi-tate purve, mayapuram tu gokulam;
tasyas tate pascime hi, vrndavanam vidur budhah.


"The wise know that on the eastern shore of the Ganges, Mayapura is Gokula, and on the western shore, is Vrndavana.


(19) tatra rasa-sthali divya, pulinam baluka mayam,
rasa-sthali pascime tu, punyam dhira-samirakam;
yad yad vrndavane devi, tat tat tatra na samsayah.


"On the western shore is the most beautiful and transcendental sandy arena of the rasa dance, which is filled with bakula flowers and gentle breezes. O goddess, this place is nondifferent from Vrndavana, and all the opulences of Vrndavana are present here. Of this there is no doubt.


(20) tvam hi maya hareh saktir, durghatana-patiyasi;
cin-mayam antaradityam, acchadayasi sampratam.


"O Parvati, you are Lord Hari's insurmountable and formidable illusory potency. So at present you cover the spiritual sun shining there.


(21) tato mayapura-khyatir, yoga-pithasya bhu-tale;
praudha maya tava khyatih, sarvatra vartate priye.


"O beloved, you eternally reside at the outskirts of this Mayapura Yogapitha as Praudha Maya, to keep unqualified people from entering the dhama.


(22) gate tu pulinabhyasam, kale sri-gaura-vigrahe;
vamsivatam samasritya, tvam pasi vaisnavan janan.


"When the form of Lord Gaura personally enjoys His pastimes on the shore there, you stay nearby in Vamsivata to protect the Vaisnavas.


(23) navadvipa-samam sthanam, sri-gauranga-samah prabhuh;
krsna-prema-sama praptir, nasti durge kadacana.


"O Durga, no place in the creation is equal to Navadvipa, no master is as merciful as Lord Sri Gauranga, and no attainment in the whole world is equal to pure love for Krsna.


(24) etad dhi janma-saphalyam, vaisnavanam visesatah;
bhajanam sri-navadvipe, vraja-lokanusaratah.


"The success of life, especially for the Vaisnavas, is to worship Lord Krsna by residing in Navadvipa, and to follow in the footsteps of the residents of Vrndavana.


(25) ksauram uposanam sraddham, snana-danadikam hi yat;
anya-tirthesu kartavyam, navadvipe na tad vidhih.


"In other holy places, shaving the head, fasting, offering sraddha, taking ritual bath, giving charity, and other duties are mandatory, but in Navadvipa there is no such rule that they must be done.


(26) tani tani hi karmani, krtani yadi tatra vai;
nasyanti sahasa devi, karma-granthi-nikrntanat.


"O goddess, in Navadvipa one's hard knot of karma is completely cut, and thus all the karmic reactions of previous lives are destroyed forever.


(27) bhidyate hrdaya-granthis, chidyante sarva-samsayah;
ksiyante jada-karmani, gaure drste parat pare.


"The strong knot of material attachment in the heart from millions of lives is pierced, all the misgivings and doubts are cut to pieces, and the chain of material fruitive activities is permanently terminated when one sees Lord Gaura-the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the master of all masters-in Navadvipa.


(28) ato vai munayo devi, nava-khandam samasritah;
kurvanty ahaitukim bhaktim, radha-krsna-padambuje.


"O goddess, all the great sages thus take full shelter of Navadvipa and serve Sri Sri Radha-Krsna's lotus feet with unmotivated devotion.


(29) aho dvipasya mahatmyam, na ko 'pi varnane ksamah,
anya-tirtha-mrtih pumsam, bhukti-mukti-pradayini;
navadvipa-mrtih saksat, kevala bhakti-dayini.


"No one has the power to properly and fully describe the glories of Navadvipa. Death in all other holy places brings future sense gratification or liberation, but death in Navadvipa awards with one with the greatest gift of kevala-bhakti, i.e. pure unalloyed devotional service to Lord Krsna, following in the footsteps of the Vrajavasis.


(30) akala-maranam vapi, kasta-mrtyur grhe mrtih;
apamrtyur na dosaya, nava-khande varanane.


"O goddess with a beautiful face, in Navadvipa an untimely death, a painful death, a peaceful death at home, or an unnatural death are all extremely auspicious.


(31) anyatra yoga-mrtyur va, kasyam jnana-mrtir bhavet;
tat sarvam phalam carv-angi, navadvipe mrtasya vai.


"O beautiful goddess, all the cumulative results of dying in a yoga trance in other holy places, or dying absorbed in transcendental knowledge in Kasi, are attained by dying in Navadvipa.


(32) varam dinam navadvipe, prayage kalpa-yapanat;
varanasi-nivasad va, sarva-tirtha-nisevanat.


"By staying for a single day in Navadvipa, one attains all the results of living for a kalpa (4.32 billion years) at Prayaga, staying for a very long time at Varanasi, or serving all the other holy places.


(33) yoge 'nyatra phalam yat tad, bhoge dvipe nave subhe;
pada-ksepe maha-yajnah, sayane dandavat phalam.


"Merely by living in Navadvipa, one attains the result of practicing yoga in any other holy place. In Navadvipa, walking one step is like performing maha-yajnas, and lying down to rest is like offering repeated dandavats.


(34) yatra tatra navadvipe, yad annam tan-niveditam;
tad grahyam brahmana saksac, candalad api candike.


"O goddess Candika, if a brahmana is offered Gaura-prasadam anywhere in Navadvipa, he should accept it even if it is given by a candala (dog-eater).


(35) bhojane paramesasya, prasada-sevanam bhavet,
kim punah sraddadhanasya, hari-nama-parasya ca;
gaura-prasada-bhaktasya, bhagyam tatra vadamy aham.


"Even ordinary eating there becomes equal to honouring the prasadam of the Supreme Lord. So how much more fortunate are those faithful devotees who chant the holy names of Lord Hari and partake Lord Gaura's prasadam while residing in Navadvipa!"

Sri Gaura Ganoddesa Dipika


rasajnah sri-vrndavanam iti yam ahur bahu-vido
yam etam golokam katipaya-janah prahud apare;
sita-dvipam prahuh param api para-vyoma jagadur
navadvipah so 'yam jayati paramascarya-mahima.


In the Sri Gaura-ganoddesa-dipika, it is said: "Some devotees expert in relishing the mellows of bhakti declare that Navadvipa is identical with Vrndavana. Some very learned devotees say that Navadvipa is actually the spiritual planet Goloka. Some say that Navadvipa is the planet Svetadvipa. And others say that Navadvipa is actually the spiritual sky (paravyoma) of Vaikuntha. All glories to the superexcellent opulences of Sridhama Navadvipa!"



posted by Dhruvkumar V. at 2/20/2003 12:14:03 AM






Sri Navadvipa-sataka
(A Hundred Verses Glorifying the Holy Land of Navadvipa)


Sri Navadvipa-sataka is a composition of 100 superexcellent verses glorifying Sri Navadvipa-dhama for daily recitation, or while residing or circumambulating Sri Navadvipa. These were originally composed In Sanskrit by Gaura-parsada-vara Srila Prabodhananda Sarasvati Thakura, one of Lord Caitanya's direct disciples. The 100 verses were then rendered into Bengali verse form and printed as a booklet by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura. The work describes the land of Navadvipa, which is the sporting-ground for Lord Caitanya, in all of its majestic divine splendor and glory. Thakura Bhaktivinoda translated this composition into simple Bengali verses (presented below) for easy reading by devotees, and published it without the original Sanskrit verses as a small pocket-sized booklet. Thus the little volume could be easily carried around, even by wandering sadhus, and it was very much appreciated by the many persons who received it. In this book, Srila Prabodhananda Sarasvatipada elaborates, in his characteristic madly ecstatic style, on the svarupa or spiritual form of the Lord's abode, the Lord's mood as He sports therein, the mood of a devotee who is desirous of entering this abode, the rejection of unfavorable material obstacles, and an impossibly resolute determination to attain the supreme goal. Though the original Sanskrit verses are omitted due to their voluminous nature, the English translation is from both the Sanskrit verses as well as the Bengali versification.


sri radhara bhave jini suvarna varana, sangopange navadvipe yanra sankirtana
kalite upasya sei krsna gaurahari, navadha bhaktite tanre upasana kari[1]


"By hearing of Him, meditating on Him, worshiping His Deity, and performing many other activities, let us worship Lord Krsna who-His complexion now as splendid as gold (Gaurahari), being overcome with ecstatic love, intently engaged in tumultous kirtana, surrounded by His intimate associates playing mrdangas and other musical instruments, eternally worshiped by all, removing all the contamination of Kali-yuga, and giving happiness to the devotees-has now appeared in Navadvipa.


nigama yanhare brahmapura bali gana, paravyoma svetadvipe varnaya purana
rasika pandita yanre braja bali kaya, vandi sei navadvipe cidananda maya[2]


"I offer my respectful obeisances to Navadvipa, the supremely blissful transcendental abode, which the Chandogya Upanisad (Sruti-sastra) says is the topmost spiritual city; which the Smrti-sastra says is the abode of Lord Visnu called Vaikuntha; which others say is Svetadvipa; and which a devotee expert at tasting transcendental nectar says is the forest of Vraja.


kabe ami navadvipe bhramite bhramite, antardvipa vana-majhe paiba dekhite
saparsade gauracandra nartana vilasa, dekhi prema murccha vase chadiba nisvasa[3]


"When will I fall unconscious as I suddenly see the most wonderful and youthful Lord Gaura manifest before my eyes, jubilantly dancing with His associates, as I wander within the forests of Navadvipa?


navadvipa mahima ye sastre nahi kaya, svapneo ye sastra yena sunite na haya
e-dhama vaibhave yara na haya ullasa, tare yena nahi dekhi na kari sambhasa[4]


"May the scriptures through which the very wonderful glory of Lord Gauranga's city may not be heard, never enter my ears, not even in dreams! May the duplicitous people who do not become jubilant when Sri Mayapura's glory, which is described in the Vedas, enters their ears, never come to speak to me nor even enter the path of my eyes!


stri gardabhi sanga-range ara kiba kaja, vitta putra vidya yase sighra padu baja
ara duhkha kena bahu sadhanera janya, antardvipasraye ebe hata bhai dhanya[5]


"Enough, enough! with the pleasures of sex life. Enough, enough! with wealth, children, scholarship, and fame. Enough, enough! with the misery of executing many kinds of spiritual practices. I repeatedly request everyone to take shelter of Antardvipa and become fortunate!


yatha ratna-cchatamayi bhumi sukomala, khaga mrga yatha anuragete vihvala
vrksa lata phula phale adbhuta darsana, sei mayapura haya amara jivana[6]


"The transcendental abode of Lord Gaurakisora's youthful pastimes, Sri Mayapura, where the ground is very soft, where there is a great splendor of many kinds of effulgent jewels, where there are many enchanting and wonderful birds and animals who are agitated with spontaneous attraction for Gaura, and where there are supremely wonderful trees and vines with many varieties of flowers, is my life and soul.


koti cintamani yadi mile anya sthane, sri harira bahir drsti yadi o sekhane
tathapi godruma-dhuli chadi e sarira, anyatra na yaya yena ei buddhi sthira[7]


"Millions upon millions of cintamani jewels may be found together in some other place, and Lord Hari may personally appear before everyone's eyes in some other place; even so, my body covered and purified by Godruma's dust will never go to any other place. This is my firm determination.


sei madhyadvipe gauralila madhya dine, sei dvipa-lila krpa kara ei hine
brahma-kunda kara more krpa vitarana, tava krpa-kalpalata phala maha dhana[8]


"May the Lord's extraordinarily wonderful pastimes in Madhyadvipa have mercy on me. May Brahma-kunda and the other sacred places there be kind unto a foolish and helpless person like me. May the kalpa-vali vine of the causeless mercy of Lord Gaura bear its fruits for me in Madhyadvipa. Lord Gaura, who is the ultimate friend and well-wisher of all living entities, daily sports with His associates at midday in Madhyadvipa.


khaga mrga taru lata kunja vapi naga, jala sthala hrada ami samasta saubhaga
visista kanana maya devata durlabha, jaya jaya koladvipa vaikuntha-vaibhava[9]


"All glories, all glories! to the divine forests of Koladvipa, which stand near the Ganges' shore, which are worshiped by the leaders of the demigods, and which are filled with the exquisitely wonderful opulences of many beautiful birds, animals, trees, vines, groves, lakes, ponds, open land, hills, and flowing streams and rivers.


pada cara rudradvipa bhumi manolobha, ankhi mora sada hera modadruma-sobha
suniyachi navadvipa-gunagana yata, jihva, tumi sei saba gao avirata;
gauratavi-parimala bhaja mora ghrana, tribhuvane nahi navadvipa hena sthana
sei dhama gaurakeli sthale deha mora, pulakita luti bhaja sri gaura kisora[10]


"O feet, please be greedy to always walk in Rudradvipa. O eyes, please gaze always at Modadrumadvipa's beauty. O tongue, please chant constantly the glories of the transcendental qualities of the places of Lord Gaura's pastimes in Navadvipa, which the ears have heard from great devotees. O nose, please worship the sweet fragrance of Lord Gaura's forest by constantly smelling it. O limbs of my body, your hairs erect in ecstatic joy, please roll on the ground in the places of Lord Gaura's transcendental pastimes and worship Him in this way. There is no place equal to Navadvipa in all the three worlds.


jagat bhramite yara gandha nahi pai, sarva vedatita yara patha haya bhai
sei sudha sindhurupa navadvipa-bhumi, ascarya madhurya, citta sada rama tumi[11]


"May my mind, consciousness, and heart always become absorbed in the glories of the greatly astonishing, ever expanding, and wonderfully sweet ocean of nectar present in the Navadvipa forests-the path to which all the Vedas and Upanisads together cannot find, and the slightest scent of which cannot be found even by repeatedly wandering throughout the length and breath of the universe.


ujjvala rasera prema-sindhu nisyandini, apurva radhika-bhava khelananandini
radha prakatita gaudatavi gaura vasa, rasa-pitha hrde mora haun prakasa[12]


"May the Gauda forest, Lord Hari's topmost abode, which is filled with surging waves from the greatly effulgent and intoxicating nectar ocean of splendid and passionate transcendental love, which is filled with the most condensed bliss of Lord Radhika-Ramana's (Krsna's) sweet pastimes, and which was sweetly founded and imbued with bliss by the supremely worshipable Sri Radha, shine brightly in my heart.


deva raja pujaniya jahnu muni sthana, navadvipa jahnudvipa yahara akhyana
sei gaura-lila sthale trna gulma bhava, paile asara haya ullasa vibhava[13]


"I pray that birth after birth I may simple become a blade or clump of grass in the land of Jahnudvipa, which is worshiped even by Indra, the king of the demigods. That would give me the greatest joy.


radha-krsna seva kari, suddha dharma sadacari, sevi sadhu padarajah bhai
labhiya vairagya para, paiyao rasa sara, se radha karuna nahi pai
simante kariya vasa, yeba haya gaura-dasa, se karuna sighra tara haya
sakala sadhana tyaji, ataeva gaura bhaji, sri simanta kara he asraya [14]


"Those who are ardently devoted to the lotus feet of Lord Krsna, Sri Radha's beloved, whose entire lives are spent in constantly following pure religious principles, who continuously serve the dust from the lotus feet of the Vaisnavas, who have achieved the essence of all renunciation, and whose minds and hearts are one-pointedly absorbed in the nectar of transcendental mellows, find very far away Sri Radha's merciful glance, which is very quickly and easily achieved by serving Lord Gaura at Simantadvipa. Therefore, please give up all spiritual practices and worship Lord Gaura by taking shelter of Sri Simantadvipa.

radha-krsna sammelana rasera sagara, gaurangera vraja navadvipa manohara
se duyera premodghurna rasa-lila-pura, navadvipa haya bhai parama madhura[15]


"The supreme abode of Vrndavana is manifest in the sweet nectar ocean of the purest, undivided, and spontaneous loving mellows on the enchanting islands of Navadvipa, which belong to Saci's son, Lord Gauranga. There, impelled by pure transcendental love for each other, the sweet divine couple Sri Sri Radha and Krsna enjoy super-excellent pastimes day and night.Thus one who resides in Navadvipa enters a condition of life that is full of the sweetest nectar.


krsna-pada-padma dhyana nahi ami jani, sukadira anugatye nahi abhimani
ataeva subhasubha ye hauka phala, radha-kunja sri-godruma amara sambala [16]


"I do not know how to properly meditate on Lord Madhava's two lotus feet. I am not qualified to follow the path of Sri Sukadeva Gosvami, Sri Narada Muni, and the other great mahajanas. My only hope is that the most beautiful forest of Godrumadvipa, where Srimati Radha enjoys transcendental pastimes, is my life and soul and my only support. I do not care whether I get an auspicious or an inauspicious result because of my attachment to Godrumadvipa.


ye dhamera sima veda sparsite na pare, paranandotsava gudha rupe yatha sphure
brahma, siva yahara madhurya nahi jane, kabe va vasiba sei navadvipa sthane[17]


"When will I attain Lord Radhapati's sweet and opulent abode named Sri Navadvipa? The Vedas cannot touch its boundary, and just hint at it from afar. Navadvipa is the limit of the secret festival of the greatest transcendental bliss. Siva, Brahma, and the other great personalities do not fully understand even a single drop of nectar flowing in Navadvipa.


yadi o sarira mora khanda khanda haya, visama vipatti-jala mastake padaya
tathapi godruma chadi anya tirtha pade, na hau amara asa sampade bipade[18]


"If my body is torn into hundreds of pieces, or if hosts of horrible calamities fall on my head-oh, even then I will never ever desire to leave Sri Godruma and go to other insignificant places.


kabe va patita patre ksudha nivariya, ganga jale trsna nasi anjali bhariya
krsna-rasa-sthali dekhi rasa-magnantare, basiba sri-navadvipa-kanana bhitare[19]


"When will I reside in Lord Gaura's forest of Navadvipa, eating naturally fallen leaves as if they were ambrosia to satisfy my hunger, and drinking handfuls of the Ganges' pure water to quench my thirst, my heart plunged in sweet nectarean mellows as I gaze at the place where sweet Lord Radhika-Ramana enjoyed the pastime of the rasa dance?


navadvipa-dhame yanra niscaya vasati, avasya hayeche tanra sadhu-dharme mati
purusarthadhika tattva tanra kara-tale, brahmadi pranamya tini krsna-krpa-bale[20]


"One who has firm determination to reside in Navadvipa until the end of his body has already performed all kinds of the most wonderful devotional services unto Lord Krsna. Due to this determination, the greatest and most sublime of all goals of life rests in his hand. Brahma and the demigods repeatedly bow down before such a person, whose feet they take on their heads.


nami ami navadvipa nama gaura-pura, yanhara piyusa-rase ativa pracura
khaga-pasu-dhruma-balli-ganake mataya, prema matta kari mora cittake nacaya[21]


"I offer my respectful obeisances to the forest of Navadvipa (Gaurapura) which, by giving them the sweet, intoxicating, and pleasing nectar of pure spiritual loving mellows, delights its birds, animals, trees, and vines.


aneka pandita-gana ekatra manase, krtartha manaya anya tirthera manase
se saba amara nahi bujhi bare pari, navadvipa-vana matra asraya vicari[22]


"A sober devotee may feel proud and satisfied by practicing pure unalloyed devotional service in some other place or tirtha. I am not interested in knowing whether he is successful or not, because I shall personally always take full shelter of the forests of Navadvipa, which are very dear to Sri Sri Radhika-Madhava.


sarva-dosakara ami guna-lesa-hina, durlabha padartha magi sarvadhama dina
kabe se ujjvala-bhakti sara-bija-rupa, gaudatavi labhi haba purna-rasa-kupa[23]


"I am a reservoir of unlimited faults. I don't possess a single good quality. I am helpless and the lowest of all. But I am still aspiring to become perfectly blissful by achieving the most rare seed of the essense of the most splendid devotional service unto Lord Krsna, by residing in Lord Gaura's forest in Navadvipa.


suddhojjvala prema-rasa amrta apara, sagara apurva amsa radha-datta-sara
gauranga kanana haya adbhuta e bhave, sei vana mama gati kata dine habe[24]


"Lord Gauranga's forest (Navadvipa), which is the essence of all uniqueness and magnanimity, and is overflowing with the shoreless nectar ocean of pure and splendid divine love of Srimati Radha for Lord Krsna, is the only goal of my life.


sakala sadhana-hina haiya o nara, kare yadi navadvipa-vana majhe ghara
dhamera vicitra sakti hathat tahare, radha-kanta rasotsave rati dite pare[25]


"One who is bereft of any kind of spiritual practices but has wholeheartedly taken shelter of Navadvipa, will attain the supreme festival of the nectar of pure love for Sri Radha's beloved, Lord Krsna.


amara svajana-gana chaduka amare, deha-vrtti acala hauka eke-bare
tathapitta cidananda navadvipa hate, carana amara nai yau anya pathe[26]


"My own near and dear people may leave me or I may collapse mentally and physically; still I will not take a single step beyond the border of transcendental Navadvipa.


sri-radhara vane navadvipa maha-dhana, tahate vasite badha karena ye jana
mata-pita bandhu-sakha mitra guru ara, konai sambandha nahi amara tanhara.[27]


"She is not my mother, he is not my father, he is not my relative, he is not my friend, he is not my well-wisher, and he is not my guru-who does not want me to reside in Srimati Radha's forest of Navadvipa. I want no relationship with such persons.


kalusa-svarupa ami e bhagya ki paba, maranante sri-godrume vasati kariba
sei vane radha-krsna-vihara samaya, pada-jyotih dekhi habe ananda udaya[28]


"I am a personification of sinful activities. For me the most auspicious thing is to stay in the land of Godrumadvipa until this body ends. I will then be able to blissfully experience the flood of the effulgence emanating from the lotus feet of the beautiful divine couple Sri Sri Radha-Krsna, who enjoy newer and newer transcendental pastimes here.


ye dhame pravista haye jangama sthavara, ghanananda mahotsave bhase nirantara
maya yara jada-drsti diyache nayane, jada-maya dekhe sei navadvipa-vane
ataeva amara prarthana gaurapure, vasiya cinmaya-sphurti pai e sarire.[29]


"In Lord Gauranga's city, Navadvipa, all the moving and stationary living entities have eternally effulgent spiritual forms and are always absorbed in the intensely blissful festival of pure love. Those whose eyes are blinded by maya (illusion) misunderstand the truth about Navadvipa by considering it material, and speculating about it with a host of faulty ideas. Therefore I pray unto Navadvipa to kindly bless me with divine spiritual vision and realization while I am residing here.


sambandha kausale sei dhame pravesile, sarva jive ananda-samvid-bhava mile
atattvika bahirmukha dekhite na paya, diuna gauranga-pura asraya amaya[30]


"Although unseen by the unintelligent materialistic speculators, in Navadvipa all living entities-indeed all things-are blissful, eternal, spiritual, and full of knowledge. I take shelter of that abode of Navadvipa.


sambandha asrita jive dosa drsti yara, ananda-svarupe aparadha haya tara
yata dina sei aparadha nahi yaya, radha-krsna susambandha milibe kothaya?[31]


"They who attribute faults to the blissful moving and stationary living entities in Navadvipa who have taken shelter in their relationship with Lord Gaura, are the greatest offenders. They will never attain Sri Sri Radha-Madhava.



navadvipa-vasi ninda-rata yei jana, yeba nahi kare mayapurera pujana
anya tirthe ye murkha godruma sama jane, modadruma sukha cit-svarupa na mane
se papista naradhama sahita sangati, svapneo na haya yena visama durgati[32]


"They who indulge in blaspheming the residents of Navadvipa, they who belittle and don't worship Mayapura, unintelligent fools who equate Godruma with other holy places, and those who don't accept the eternally blissful and spiritual nature of Modadruma are the most sinful and lowest of men. I pray that even in dreams I may never come near such people.


caurya, lampatata, dvesa, matsarata, lobha, mithya-vakya, sudurvakya, paradroha, stobha
tyajiya ye jana kare gaurapurasraya, vrndavana-asa tara vandhya nahi haya[33]


"He who-rejecting others' wealth, others' wives, hatred, envy, greed, dishonesty, cruelty, violence, and lying words-becomes devoted to the transcendental abode of Sri Navadvipa, will not be frustrated in his desire to stay in Vrndavana.


navadvipa-vasa lagi karaya adharma, tyaje guru-jana ara sakala-svadharma
tahe tara dosi kiba ei matra sara, yahe gauda-vasa badha sei papa-bhara[34]


"One should be ready to do even that which is against religious principles, to reject all religious duties, or to abandon even one's own guru (if he stops or discourages one from going or residing in Navadvipa), in order to fulfil one's intense desire for residing in Gaudaranya (Navadvipa). That is actually one's supreme religious duty and topmost devotion to one's guru. Whatever stops one from residing in Gaudaranya is the result of one's accumulated sinful reactions.


ascarya karunya-purna sri-gauda-nagari, sarva-sastre lekhe tara mahima vistari
ye se rupe thaki jiva navadvipa dhame, dehante labhiche siddhi sri-gauranga name[35]


"Gaudaranya's abode of Navadvipa is full with the most astonishing and limitless mercy, and its glories are described in detail in all the revealed scriptures. If somehow or other one is able to reside in Navadvipa and give up one's body there, such a person will attain perfection by the causeless mercy of the name of Lord Gauranga.


ohe murkha jiva, tumi loka vedasraye, acari bahula dharma acha klista haye
hathat chadiya saba patha aniscita, sri-godrume parna-kuti karaha vihita[36]


"O great fool, the paths of the material world (occupational duties), and even that of the Vedas, will bring you only trouble and suffering! Please give them up forcibly and construct for yourself a leaf-hut in Sri Godruma in Gaudadesa!


sastra saba nana-vidha karuka jalpana, atattvika jana taha karuka dharana
tarka-patu laghumati vitarka kariya, sthapuka vicitra mata dese dese giya;
amara se saba chadi ujjvala vimala, rasa-prema-sudha-sara sekhane sambala
sei radha-bhavanvita purusera sthana, chadiya kotha o nahi kariba prasthana[37]


"The Vedic scriptures may describe so many things in various ways, the sentimentalists may accept those teachings as they like, and the unintelligent speculative logicians may establish so many theories by traveling here and there, but my heart will never leave the forest where Lord Krsna assuming the mood and complexion of Sri Radha, in His form as Lord Gaura, enjoys pastimes filled with the pure, splendid, intoxicating nectar of the essence of the loving mellows of devotional service.


apara-karuna-sindhu sri-krsna-carane, padiya kandiya ami bali sarva-ksane
tava anargala prema-sindhu gaura-vane, kona janme rati yena dio akincane[38]


"Lord Krsna is the personification of unlimited mercy and the hero of Vraja's playful girls. I bow down to Him at every moment. And while crying, I beg and pray to Him with plaintive words to award me attraction for Navadvipa, at least in one my future births if not possible in this birth, because Navadvipa is the unrestricted nectar ocean of the great spontaneous ecstacies of devotional service.


cancala durmati ara svadharma-virata, duracara, gaura-candre sambandha rahita
kama-lobhe yatha asi atyuttama haya, nami sei mayapura rasera nilaya[39]


"I offer my obeisances to the reservoir of all bliss, Sri Mayapura, where a dabbler who walks down many paths at once, a person with bad intelligence, one who has rejected his proper religious duties, a whimsical and independent person who does not care about the rules of the scriptures, a person who has not the slightest hint of understanding about the Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Gauracandra, and one who lives there only out of lust and greed, will each become the most perfect living being and attain the supreme destination.


sarva-sukha-sara bhakti-sukha sunirmala, pai yei navadvipa sei gaura-sthala
vedera nigudha tattva, acintya apara, mudha-buddhi jana tattva na jane tahara[40]


"A bewildered fool cannot understand Sri Navadvipa-dhama of the Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Gaura, which is hidden from all the Vedas and is the place where through bhakti one may attain the ultimate zenith of all kinds of happiness in this world.


bhaje anya-deva kimva brahma-jnane rata, athava pasura nyaya bhogera vivrata
gangara pascima tire kolatavi tire, phelena sva-sakti-krame prema-parabare[41]


"By its own inconceivable potency, the forest of Koladvipa awards the rare and secret nectar of pure love for Sri Sri Radhika-Madhava to demigod worshipers, to those rapt in meditation on the imperishable impersonal Brahman, and even to animal-like people engaged simply in enjoying their senses.


ara ki kahiba vrndavana-vasi jana, ye rasa na paya yaha tatha sanghatana
sei sri-godruma-vana adbhuta vyapara, kabe va dekhiba peye radha-krpa sara[42]


"When will I see Sri Godruma's most wonderful opulences while taking shelter of Srimati Radharani's lotus feet? The Vedas cannot even touch, and the yogis cannot understand, a millionth part of the opulences of Godruma. Great souls headed by Laksmi, Siva, Brahma, Sukadeva, Arjuna, and Uddhava cannot understand-and what to speak of others, even the residents of Vrndavana find it difficult to obtain that nectar which is present in Godruma.


durvasana-rajjusata-baddha mama mana, akarsiya nija bale, he sacinandana
radha-kunda sri-godrume sri-radhara saha, vihara-samaye tava pada-padme laha[43]


"My heart is very tightly bound with hundreds of ropes of wicked desires. O Gaura, O Lord who enjoys pastimes in Radha-kunda in Godrumadvipa, please forcibly attract my heart with Your own potencies, and place it under the shelter of Your lotus feet.


damite indriya-gane na parinu natha, guna-matra nahi mora sarva dosatpata
kotha yaba, ki kariba, gati-hina ami, navadvipe sthana diya krpa kara, svami[44]


"I am not able to subdue my mind and senses at all. I have not a single good virtue. A host of faults always enters my heart. Where shall I go? What shall I do? Alas! Alas! No mercy is shown to me! O Lord, please give me residence in Navadvipa, my only eternal home. This is my only hope.


jati, prana, dhana, yasa, sad-dharma amara, ksaya hau, sakale karun tiraskara
vyadhi-jirna kalevara pauka durgati, navadvipa tathapi tyajite nahu mati [45]


"My noble birth, wealth, and even my very life breath may all perish; my good reputation may wither and die; my religious principles may be destroyed; I may be mistreated and rebuked constantly by everyone; or my body may deteriorate and wither away with hundreds of incurable physical and mental diseases. Even if all that should happen simultaneously, my mind will never even think of leaving Lord Gauranga's city Navadvipa. Residing here is the ultimate remedy for all my problems.


prakrtira madhye va bahire kabhu bhai, navadvipa samana madhura sthiti nai
ei ta siddhanta yanra tanhara carane, sada namaskara kari ami mane mane[46]


"I constantly bow down to offer my respects to them who know the confidential truth that within or without the material world there is nothing more sweet than Lord Gaura's forest of Navadvipa.


tilaka-sobhita gangajala suklambara, kancana-campakabhasa rasollasapara
krsna-prema-payodhara-rase sammohini, sobha paya gauratavi gauranga-mohini[47]


"All glories to Gauda-desa forest of Navadvipa, which is very dear to Sri Jagannatha Misra's son Lord Gaura! Navadvipa is effulgent with tilaka decorations, clothed in white garments of the Ganges' waters, shining with the glory of golden, blossoming campaka flowers, glorious with many kinds of nectarean mellows, and enchanting everyone with the sweet nectar of pure love for Lord Krsna.


surendra-vaibhava-yuta yatha taru-gana, maha-rasamayi bhakti-vanita ranjana
brahmapura adi tirtha-gana yatha sphure, hena navadvipa keba asraya na kare[48]


"Who will not take complete shelter of the most wonderful and blissful nine islands of Navadvipa, where millions of opulent kalpa-vrksa trees are embraced and nourished by the sweet and nectarean vines of pure bhakti that are their wives, and where Brahmapura and all other holy places shine with great splendor?


navadvipa-vasa prati ninda yata dina, tata dina manusa svacchanda bhakti-hina
tata dina vrndavane premera nilaya, govinda-padaravinde bhakti nahi haya[49]


"As much as they speak ill about residing in Navadvipa, to that extent persons will not be able to understand the great secret of pure, spontaneous devotional service for Lord Govinda's lotus feet in Vrndavana, the root from which the Lord's love pastimes sprout.


vidyut-koti prabhamayi radha-alingita, nava-jaladhara syama dhyane samahita
uccaih-svare tirthe tirthe kakuti kariya, gaura-dhame phire krti premavista hana[50]


"Repeatedly remembering the person (Krsna) dark as a new monsoon cloud who is embraced by Sri Radha, Her transcendental form like a vine more effulgent than millions of lightning flashes, I will become fortunate by wandering in Lord Gaura's sacred places in Navadvipa, overwhelmed with love, and loudly and plaintively singing the sweetest prayers in glorification of the Lord.


gaura-pada-padma-puta nava-khanda vane, kabe ami prema-purna haye mane mane
prati-pade galad-asru pulaka-ullase, ha gauranga baliya lutiba anayase[51]


"When will I-while crying out the names of Lord Gauranga, at every step shedding tears of deep love, the hairs of my body erect with great joy and roll upon the ground in Navadvipa, where Lord Gaura placed His feet?


purnojjvala prema-murti radha bhavamaya, yatha krsna navadvipe saksat udaya
sei gaura-sthalasrita haya yei jana, subhakti-rahasya tara eka matra dhana[52]


"The secret treasure of pure unalloyed devotional service is very easily achieved by those who take shelter of Lord Gaura's sacred place of Navadvipa. Here Lord Hari assumes a golden transcendental form (Gaura), in the mood of Sri Radha, which is the personification of splendid and divine loving mellows.


candala kukkura khara sama tiraskara, karuk tahate kheda nahika amara
sneha-jnane tusta haye nava-khanda vane, vasiba sarvada ami vairagyera sane[53]


"If people speak unbearable insults to me and reject me, treating me like a candala (dogeater), a dog, or an ass, even then I will not feel the slightest distress; because I am attached to staying in the nine islands of Navadvipa, where the nine proccesses of spontaneous loving devotional service, beginning with hearing about Lord Krsna and culminating in total surrender unto Him, shine with great glory.


ohe bhai samasta sadhana parihari, gaura-sthalasraya kara citta drdha kari
praktana vasana-vase tomara hrdaya, sarira-vacana-cesta karibe niscaya[54]


"O dear brother, please give up all your spiritual practices and take shelter of Lord Gaura's sacred place Navadvipa. Your body, words, and heart will act as per what you desire.


varam ami navadvipe kharpara dhariya, svapaca pallite bhrami bhiksara lagiya
tathapi sukrtibala durlabha sarira, anyatra laile iccha nahi kari sthira[55]


"With a bowl in hand I will go begging day after day, even on the paths to the houses of the dog eaters, in the most beautiful Sri Navadvipa. Even though by the strength of many past pious deeds I may become eligible to obtain a very rare body in any other place, my strong determination is to never leave Navadvipa.


chenda kantha kaupina dhariya ami kabe, divasante phalamula-bhojana-gaurave
navadvipa-vana-bhage radha-krsna-katha, gaiya jivana mora kataiba tatha[56]


"Wearing a kaupina and one old cloth, I will spend this lifetime in the forest of Navadvipa, singing and drowning in the nectarean waves of Sri Sri Radha-Madhupati's confidential pastimes. In this way I will be satisfied by eating some fruits and roots at the end of the day.


prakrtira para para-brahma suvimale, veda jake paravyoma para-pada bale
taha madhya-bhage sobhe sri-gaura-mandala, tahe sobhe navadvipa vrndavana sthala[57]


"Above the material creation is the ocean of happiness glorified in the Vedas as para-brahman, paravyoma, brahmajyoti (effulgence emanating from the transcendental body of the Lord), para-pada, and the spiritual sky. In the middle of this spiritual sky, the topmost spiritual abode of Sri Gaura-mandala (Navadvipa) is manifest with all splendor. Within this abode of Navadvipa the supremely blissful abode of Vrndavana is manifest.


navadvipa-vasi jantuvgane yata dina, sananda-sac-cid-bhava na haya pravina
tata dina haiya o se dhame pravista, dhama-aparadhe-nahi labhe nija ista[58]


"Even though residing there himself, he who commits the offense (dhama-aparadha) of thinking that the residents of Gaura-sthala do not have spiritual forms of eternity, bliss, and knowledge, will neither attain the supreme abode nor fulfillment of his desires.


navadvipe sthavara jangame yei dina, sac-cid-ananda-buddhi, haya mala hina
sei dina radha-kanta-seva yogya rupa, labhe jiva vraja dhame ati aparupa[59]


"When one understands that the moving and stationary residents of Navadvipa have forms of eternal spiritual nectar, bliss, and knowledge, then only does he achieve the position of a genuine servant of Sri Radha's beloved in Vrndavana.


navadvipe vastu-tattva karaha vicara, sakala vibhava ara sarva-dharma-sara
sakala bhajana sara sarvasiddhi phala, sakala madhurya sara vihara nirmala[60]


"Wandering in Navadvipa is the essence of all super-excellent opulences, of all religious principles, of all kinds of worship and devotional practices, of all kinds of perfections, of all glorious positions, and of all oceans of sweetness.


kabe ami nava-khande loka-dharma tyaji, mahaprema-madhvi-rase nirantara maji
gaiba hasiba ara bhumite lutiba, daudiba kandiba padi murcchita haiba[61]


"When will I wander in Navadvipa, blinded by the intoxication of drinking the nectar of great love for Lord Gaura-while singing, dancing, laughing, rolling about on the ground, running, crying, or falling down unconscious-all the while remaining oblivious to the outside world?


gaura-sthale loka-dharma geha deha bhuli, tulya ninda-stuti, sukha-duhkhe kutuhali
unmada premete matta graha-grasta mata, vicariba kata dine kari dhama-vrata[62]


"When will I become like a madman in Lord Gaura's sacred abode of Navadvipa, while remaining oblivious to the world, religious duties, home, body, insults, praise, pleasure, and pain, and greatly intoxicated with the nectar of pure spiritual love?


krpamurti sri-gauranga siksa anusare, hare krsna rama nama siddha mantraksare mahascarya namavali gaite gaite, kabe va krtartha haba e gaura-sthalite[63]


"When will I be successful in attaining the eternal daily service of Sri Sri Radha-Krsna in Vrndavana by chanting the siddha-mantra of the most astonishing, wonderful, and principal names of Krsna-Hare Krsna Hare Krsna Krsna Krsna Hare Hare, Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare-in Navadvipa, as per the instructions of Lord Sri Gauranga, who is the personification of causeless mercy?


indra-nilamani vrksa-sanda nana-mata, purata sphatika padma raga vinirmita
ratnavedi yekhane jhankare valligana, suka pika mayurera apurva darsana;
padma-puspa-susobhita nana sarovara, sei navadvipa dhame prakrtira para
seba dhama-dhyana-sukhe nimagna haiya, vasiba sri-gaura-dhame rasete dubiya[64]


"I meditate on the most wonderful Gaura-sthala, effulgent with gold, crystal, and rubies; with great sapphire trees; with courtyards made of many kinds of jewels; with buzzing bees; with blossoming vines; with beautiful and splendid parrots, peacocks, cuckoos, and other birds; and with lakes filled with lotuses and other flowers.


madhyadvipe svaratakya parvatera pase, kadamba-mandita keli-kunja parakase
bhramite bhramite rasa-mandala dekhiya, prema-purna haba ami sukrti smariya[65]


"When will I become fortunate to realize confidential spiritual love for the divine couple Sri Sri Radha-Krsna, while wandering day and night through the hills and valleys of Madhyadvipa, on the pathways through the various pastime forest groves, through groves of newly blossoming kadamba trees, and through the beautiful places of the rasa dance pastimes?


anitya duhkhada patni, putra, vitta chara, mukti-katha vaikunthe pipasa nahi ara
radha-bhava-dyuti-makha krsna-lila-vane, eka bindu rati matra magi nija mane[66]



"I do not desire a beautiful young wife, children, and wealth, which give only temporary and flickering happiness. I do not even care for liberation. I offer my respectful obeisances to the beauty of Vaikuntha. I only beg that in every birth I may possess at least a drop of attraction to the forest (Navadvipa) where Vrajendra's son (Krsna) enjoys splendid transcendental pastimes in His form of Gaura, having assumed the complexion of Sri Radhika.



mastaka noyaye nami sri-godruma-vana, vakya sada sri-godruma kariye kirtana
suksma buddhi-yoga smari sri-godruma dhama, godruma chadiya mora anya nai kama[67]


"With my head I will repeatedly bow down before the forest of Sri Godrumadvipa. With my words I will continuously speak about Godruma. With my mind and intelligence I will constantly remember Godruma. Actually, I do not know anything except Sri Godruma.


radhakanta rati-kanda sri-gauranga-vana, avirata krsna bhaktaganera jivana
sei saba bhaktajana caranera dhuli, asa matra asa kari vasa gaurasthali[68]


"I long to develop desire for the dust of the lotus feet of those devotees whose life and soul is Sri Gaura-sthala (Navadvipa), which is the root that sprouts love for Lord Radhapati (Krsna).


nana keli-nikunja-mandale susobhita, nana sarovara vapi tadaga mandita
nana gulma-lata-druma-mandape vestita, nanajati khaga-mrga dvara ullasita
aneka vihara-sthala jyotirmaya dhame, kabe ami gaura-sthale labhiba visrame[69]


"O my beloved Lord Gauranga, when will I meditate on You in Navadvipa, which is filled with many beautiful pastime-forest pavilions; many enchanting lakes and ponds; delightful trees, vines, and bushes everywhere; many kinds of joyful birds and animals; and with many glorious and splendid pastime places?


gadgada vacane kabe gaba krsna-nama, nayana-dharaya ardra kariba tad-dhama
bhavete heriba kabe se yugala jyoti, hema-harinmani-cchavi suvihvala mati[70]


"When, with a choked voice, will I chant and glorify Lord Madhava's holy names in Navadvipa? When will I muddy the ground under a tree in Navadvipa with streams of tears flowing from my eyes? When will I constantly become overwhelmed by taking shelter of the two golden and sapphire splendors, Sri Sri Radha-Krsna, that have become one (Gaura) before my eyes in Navadvipa?


radha-kanti-vinoda kanana vina ana, na varniba, na suniba, na kariba dhyana
jagrate svapne va ami vina sei vana, na dekhiba kabhu ithe drdha mama mana[71]


"I am determined not to talk, hear, meditate, worship, or take shelter of anything else except Navadvipa. I will never go anywhere else. In dream or while awake, I will not see anything except the Navadvipa forest, where Lord Krsna assumed the form of Lord Gaura by accepting Sri Radhika's splendor and enjoyed variegated pastimes.


mana nahi cahe satyaloke brahmapada, vaikunthe parsada deha-murtira sampada
navadvipe visuddha madhura bhakta jana, grhe krmi janmi lobha haya anuksana[72]


"My heart does not yearn to achieve the position of Lord Brahma in Satyaloka (topmost planet in the universe), nor does it seek to attain the body of an eternal associate of Lord Visnu in Vaikuntha (beyond the material universe), but it is constantly greedy to obtain a birth, even as a tiny insect, in the home of the fortunate souls who continuously enjoy sweet necatarean festivals in the pure realm of Navadvipa.


hena dina ke mora udibe gagane, yabe navadvipa-sprsta sarira darsane
dura haite jivana sarthaka jnana kari, sastange padiba nami dharani upari[73]


"When will that most fortunate day come when I will take birth able to gaze at Navadvipa, touch it, and repeatedly fall down on the ground to offer respects to it, even from a distance? I will also consider myself most fortunate if able to gaze at someone whose body has been touched by Navadvipa.


sarvottama navadvipa-mahatmye vistara, na thake visvasa-gandha tahate amara
se dhama vasera iccha yadyapi nai, tabu yena dhama-guna nirantara gai[74]


"Although I have do not have the slightest trace of faith in the most exalted glory of Sri Navadvipa-dhama, and although I do not sincerely yearn to live there, nevertheless I continuously sing about the glories of the dhama.


acaitanya-praya visva, sarvajna ye jane, seo nare navadvipa-mahatmya varnane
prachanna se dhama nandanandanera nyaya, bhakta jana matra jane sadguru-krpaya[75]


"People of this spiritually unconscious world, and even those who think that they know everything, cannot know the real truth about Navadvipa. When carefully concealed, Lord Hari appears as Lord Caitanya in Kali-yuga, and His abode also appears in a concealed manner. Only by his guru's mercy can a sincere devotee know the truth of Navadvipa.


kabe navadvipa vane saikata pracare, hare rama hare krsna bali uccaih svare
bhramite bhramite gaura kariba darsana, padiba vihvala haye acala carana[76]


"While wandering within the forests of Navadvipa, upon suddenly seeing Lord Gaura loudly chanting the Hare Krsna maha-mantra in a kirtana in a sandy courtyard, when will I be agitated with love and fall down unconscious?


jahnavira puline puline tarutale, vicariba ami kabe hari-hari bale
patita galita phala kariba bhaksana, lalita-tatini-jale trsna nivarana[77]


"When will I wander in the forests of Navadvipa by the Ganges' shore, eating ripe fruits fallen to the ground from the trees, and quenching my thirst by drinking the sweet river water?


sevilei navadvipa vrndavana sphure, navadvipa seva vina vrndavana dure
ye sevila gaura paya yasoda-nandana, gaura-seva vina krsne na paya kakhana[78]


"If one worships the nine forests of Navadvipa, he then finds himself in the forest of Vrndavana. But he who does not worship Navadvipa remains far away from the forest of Vraja. Similarly, if one worships Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, he achieves the association of the hero of Vraja, Lord Krsna. But he who does not worship Lord Gauranga will never attain Lord Krsna.


e gauda-mandale navadvipa-vrndavana, sacira tanaya saksat vrajendra-nandana
sei nandasuta radha-dyuti acchadita, vrajera durlabha lila karila vihita[79]


"Navadvipa is actually Vrndavana manifested in the land of Bengal. Lord Caitanya, the son of Saci, is Lord Krsna, the greatest hero, the son of Vraja's king, and the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Accepting the complexion of Srimati Radharani, the Lord performs pastimes in Navadvipa which are very rarely manifested in Vrndavana.


vrndavane vasi yeba jape hari hari, aparadha gele paya kisora kisori
navadvipe gaura ksami aparadha-caya, parama rasada vraja-rasa vitaraya[80]


"They who chant, `Hari! Hari! Hari!' in Vrndavana attain Vraja's divine couple, Sri Sri Radha-Krsna, only when they become free from all offenses. In Navadvipa however, Lord Gaura very easily forgives our multitudes of sins and offenses and freely distributes the sweet nectar of the bliss of Vrndavana.


gauranga sambandhe yanra navadvipe sthiti, kara-sthiti vraja tanra sanatana riti
anyatra sri-vrndavana ye kare sandhana, maru-maricika yena krame dure bhana[81]


"It is an undisputed fact that one who resides in Navadvipa, faithfully worshiping Lord Gauranga, holds in his hand the ultimate goal of eternal residence in Vraja. In any other place, Vrndavana is like a faraway mirage.


vrndavane ache yata vana upavana, sri-krsna-lilara sthala ke kare ganana
navadvipe se sakala ache sthane sthane, gaura-rupe krsna-lila prakata karane[82]


"To make Lord Gaura's pastimes perfect, Navadvipa embraces to its chest all of beautiful Vrndavana's forests and gardens of Krsna-lila.




sri-godrumacandra-lila ananta apara, gaura-sthale cidvihara nami bara bara
gaura-padasrita-gane kari namaskara, nami sada gauracandra karunavatara[83]


"I offer my respectful obeisances to the pastimes of Lord Godrumacandra. I offer my respectful obeisances to the spiritual opulences of Gaura-sthala (Navadvipa). I offer my respectful obeisances to them who have taken shelter of Lord Gauranga's feet. I offer my respectful obeisances to Lord Gaura, the incarnation of causeless mercy.


ohe visvambhara! ohe maha-rasamaya! ohe prema-sampadera mani! ohe dayamaya!
ohe padmavati-suta dayardra hrdaya, patita janera natha gaura-bhaktimaya
ohe sitanatha, caracarera isvara, gaura anibare matra tumi saktidhara
ohe gadadhara, ohe srivasadi-gana, tumi saba mama gati ami akincana[84]


"O Lord Visvambhara! O Lord who is the embodiment of great sweetness! O ocean of the treasure of divine love! O Lord Nityananda! O divine son of Padmavati, lord whose heart melts with compassion, best friend of the most fallen, embodiment of Gaura-bhakti; O Advaita, master of all living entities moving and inert, Lord who made Lord Gaura descend to this world; O Gadadhara, O Srivasa, and all other devotees; all of you are the ultimate worshipable goal of my life.


sri-krsna rasana lagi caitanya akara, parama adbhuta udarata-purna sara
sviya premamrta jive diba mane kari, parapada navadvipe prakatila hari
audaryera khani sei sacira kumara, tanhara carane ami nami bara bara[85]


"Let us offer repeated obeisances and glorify the supremely, boundlessly, and wonderfully magnanimous form of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, who is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the prince of Vraja Himself, Krsna. He has now manifested in the topmost transcendental abode of Navadvipa to relish the intoxicating sweet waves of the nectar of transcendental love for Himself (Krsna), as well as to freely distribute that nectar to others.


sastrabhyasa, tirthatana, cesta parihari, yosid-vyaghra tyaja svarga chada ghrna kari
dina-bhave bhaja visvambharera carana, navadvipe rasa yei kaila vitarana[86]


"What is the use of studying many scriptures? What is the use of going on pilgrimage to various holy places? Fear sex life just as one fears a tiger! Spit on the illusory opulences of the heavenly planets! Try to understand that all material benefits are as worthless as a handful of straw! Please give up chasing after all of them and take full shelter of the lotus feet of Lord Gauranga, who has accepted the garments of a sannyasi just to freely distribute the intoxicating nectar of His own love, which is freely available in Navadvipa on the Ganges' shore.


tarite samsara-sindhu yadi vancha tava, sankirtanamrtasvade thake iccha lava
vancha yadi thake prema-samudra-vihare, mayapure kara vasa jahnavira tire[87]


"If your heart is set on crossing beyond the ocean of repeated birth and death, if it wants to be always absorbed in the sweet nectar of chanting Krsna's holy names, and if your mind and heart yearn to swim and sport in the ocean of pure love of Krsna, then please make your residence in the city of Mayapura, Navadvipa, without any further delay.


sri-gauda nagari dhanya, dhanya ganga tatha, dhanya se nagara-vasi gaura-padasrita
navadvipa vina nahi hena premotsava, ha gauranga dekhiba kabe kata se vaibhava[88]


"All glories, all glories to Sri Gauda-nagari Navadvipa and the Ganges flowing there! All glories to the residents of Navadvipa who have become the most saintly devotees by taking shelter of Lord Gauranga's lotus feet! Alas, alas! I am not able to see the great festival of pure love for Lord Hari which is constantly being celebrated by Lord Gaura and His associates in Navadvipa! O Lord Caitanya, O ocean of causeless mercy, kindly bless me with transcendental vision so that I can behold Your glorious pastimes in Navadvipa.


drsta sprsta kirtita va smrta upasita, dura haite namita adrta va pujita
hailei yei dhama deya premasara, citsvarupa sei gaura-dhame namaskara[89]


"I offer my respectful obeisances to Lord Gaura's transcendental abode Navadvipa, which-whether seen, touched, glorified, remembered, bowed down to from afar, or worshiped-awards everyone the essence of the nectar of pure love for Lord Krsna.


sva-dharmacarana ara sri-visnu-pujana, tirthadi bhramana kimva vedanusilana
e saba sadhane keba jani bare pare; vedadi durlabha sei vraja-tattva-sare
ekanta asraya yanra gaura-priya-dhama, vrndavana labhya tanra purna manaskama[90]


"One may strictly and purely follow the rules of varnasrama-dharma (occupational duties), worship the Deities very elaborately, visit the great holy pilgrimage places, or scrutinizingly study the Vedas for many, many years; but if one does not reside in Lord Gaura's dear abode of Navadvipa, he will never be able to understand the topmost abode of Vrndavana, which is beyond the reach of the four Vedas.


trnapeksa hina buddhi mohana akara, mista-vakya visaye vairagya-buddhi-sara
krsna-premonmada ara nirapeksa-buddhi, paya jiva gaura-dhamarcane sarva-suddhi[91]


"Humbly regarding oneself lower than a blade of straw; a form of natural gentleness and attractiveness, with sweet nectarean speech; spitting at insignificant sense gratifcation, with total disinterest in the affairs of this material world; and overwhelming spontaneous love for Lord Hari; are the transcendental virtues obtained by worshiping Navadvipa, Lord Gaura's transcendental abode in this world.


guruvara bahutara upasana kari, sruti-sastra-adhyayane na paiya hari
gaura-pura vasotsuka haye bhaktajana, parama rahasya labha kare anuksana[92]


"You may worship and serve millions of the most exalted spiritual masters. You may scrutinizingly study millions of Vedic scriptures. But know for certain that only they who are very eager to constantly reside in Lord Caitanyacandra's transcendental city of Navadvipa will be able to very easily and quickly understand the great secret of pure love for Lord Krsna.


kala haila kali, bali indriya-nicaya, aneka kantake bhakti-marga ruddha haya
haya, haya, kotha yaba, ki kariba ami, yadi, navadvipa, krpa nahi kara tumi[93]


"In this most degraded age of Kali, my very senses have become my strong enemies. Even the splendid path of bhakti-yoga, which is the only way in Kali-yuga, has become covered by millions and millions of thorns. Alas, alas! I have become very weak and agitated. Where can I go? What shall I do? My only hope is that Navadvipa, the all-merciful abode of Lord Caitanya, will be kind unto me and deliver me from this extremely helpless and desperate condition.


duskarme nirata sada durvasana ghora, nigudha abaddhamati klesete vibhora
koti koti kumati kadartha kare more, navadvipa vina bandhu ke vipada ghore[94]


"I am strongly addicted to performing millions of sins. I am very tightly bound by chains of limitless, formidable, and greatly horrible desires. My mind is filled with excruciating pain. In such a pitiable situation, millions and millions of wicked thoughts and men are trying to mislead me. In such a desolate condition, except for the holy abode of Gauda-mandala (Navadvipa), who will become my friend in this world?


kathina usara ksetra tomara asaya, bhakti-kalpata-bija ankura na haya
tabe eka asa mora jagiche hrdaye, navadvipa-vase soka sthana na labhaye[95]


"Alas, alas! How will the desire creeper of pure devotional service sprout in the completely dry and unproductive desert of my heart? In my heart there is only one solace: if I reside in Lord Gauranga's holy abode of Navadvipa, then I shall never have to lament again, and all my desires will be fulfilled.


samsara-vasanarnave ami nipatita, kama krodha adi nakra-grasta ati bhita
durvasana srnkhale abaddha nirasraya, gaura-sthana, deha more krpara asraya[96]


"I have somehow or other fallen into the extremely painful ocean of repeated birth and death. In this ocean the sharks and crocodiles of lust, anger, greed, illusion, pride, envy, lamentation, illusion, and fear are devouring me alive. Over and above this, I am tightly bound by the chains of my wicked desires. Thus I have no shelter and am drowning very fast. O Navadvipa, the holy abode of Lord Gauranga, please be merciful to me, because you are my only shelter in this hopeless condition.


svayam krsna svarna-varna karuna kariya, premanandojjvale rasa-vapu prakatiya
yei navadvipe kaila bhaktyutsava maya, mana se madhura dhame satata ramaya[97]


"The Supreme Personality of Godhead Lord Gaura, with the complexion of molten gold, has personally and most mercifully descended to the town of Navadvipa in His most effulgent form, filled with the supremely blissful nectar of loving mellows. In Navadvipa, every home constantly celebrates great festivals in honor of Bhakti-devi, the goddess of pure devotion. Thus my heart constantly finds its happiness in the transcendental abode of Navadvipa, because Navadvipa is even sweeter than Vaikuntha.


kabe ami navadvipe kariya vasati, santa mane paba gaura-bhavodita mati
vrajavane radha-krsna seva dhyana kari, bhajiba vrajera rasa adbhuta madhuri[98]


"When will I see the sweet Vrndavana forest everywhere, while residing somewhere in Navadvipa, with my heart peaceful and filled with ecstatic love for the son of Saci, meditating moment after moment on the transcendental pastimes of the divine couple Sri Sri Radha-Krsna, and serving Them according to my constitutional position?


alakanandara tate bhramite bhramite, dekhiba se misra-vasa atula jagate
dyutimaya parananda sac-cid-vistrti, durlabha gaurangapura cicchakti-vibhuti[99]


"When will I suddenly see the peerless, effulgent, blissful, eternal, spiritual, enchanting, and most rare home of Jagannatha Misra, Lord Gauranga's eternal abode, while constantly wandering on the splendid shore of the Ganges?


nahi cai kasi-vasa, gaya-pindadana, mukti sukti-sama tyaji kiba varga ana
raurave ki bhaya mama ki bhaya samsare, srigodrume vasa yadi pai krpa dvare[100]


"I will consider the impersonalists of Varanasi to be very unimportant; consider a pilgrimage to Gaya to offer pinda to the anscestors very insignificant; consider my personal liberation to weigh not even as much as a fraction of an ounce; become totally disinterested in material piety, economic development, and sense gratification; not have the slightest fear of hell (maha-raurava), what to speak of any other distress; and give up all anxiety over the well-being of my wife, children, friends, and relatives; if I am fortunate to simply reside in Godruma and the other holy places in Navadvipa.


ohe mudha jana, suksma drstira vidhane, muni-ganaprapya bhakti karaha sandhane
visvasa abhave yadi nahi sanghatana, saba cesta chadi laha nadiya-sarana[101]


"O foolish people, please seek out the rare platform of pure devotional service to Lord Hari, which is inaccessible to the great sages of ancient times, even after a long search. If in your heart there is no faith, and if you think that this platform is too difficult to attain, then please abandon all these misconceptions and take shelter of Navadvipa (Gaura's city) by residing there.


vrndavana navadvipa abheda-svarupa, bhinna satakeo bhasa lipi eka rupa;
gaura-dhama-mahima visesa tabu jani, `nadiya-satake' bali kichu bhinna vani.[102]


"Because the two abodes Navadvipa and Vrndavana are nondifferent, in some of these 100 verses I have described them as the same place. Still, in other verses I have specifically described the extraordinary glories of Navadvipa, Lord Gauranga's transcendental abode."


iti sri sri navadvipa-satakera padyanubada samapta


Thus ends the Bengali versification of Srila Prabodhananda Sarasvati's Sri Sri Navadvipa-sataka, by Srila Saccidananda Bhaktivinoda Thakura.